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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1481 - גּוּר

Transliteration
gûr
Phonetics
goor  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
330,332
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to sojourn, abide, dwell in, dwell with, remain, inhabit, be a stranger, be continuing, surely

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to sojourn, dwell for a time

1a2) to abide, stay, temporarily dwell

1b) (Hithpolel)

1b1) to seek hospitality with

1b2) to assemble oneself

2) to stir up trouble, strife, quarrel, gather together

2a) (Qal)

2a1) to stir up strife

2a2) to quarrel

2b) (Hithpolel) to excite oneself

3) to dread, fear, stand in awe, be afraid

3a) (Qal)

3a1) to fear, be afraid

3a2) to be in awe, stand in awe

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 568 ‑ ἀπέχω (ap‑ekh'‑o);  1069 ‑ γείτων (ghi'‑tone);  1304 ‑ διατρίβω (dee‑at‑ree'‑bo);  1774 ‑ ἐνοικέω (en‑oy‑keh'‑o);  2007 ‑ ἐπιτίθημι (ep‑ee‑tith'‑ay‑mee);  2125 ‑ εὐλαβέομαι (yoo‑lab‑eh'‑om‑ahee);  2523 ‑ καθίζω (kath‑id'‑zo);  3611 ‑ οἰκέω (oy‑key'‑o);  3939 ‑ παροικέω (par‑oy‑keh'‑o);  4334 ‑ προσέρχομαι (pros‑er'‑khom‑ahee);  4365 ‑ προσπορεύομαι (pros‑por‑yoo'‑om‑ahee);  5288 ‑ ὑποστέλλω (hoop‑os‑tel'‑lo);  5399 ‑ φοβέω (fob‑eh'‑o);  2730 ‑ κατοικέω (kat‑oy‑keh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (98) NAS (98) HCS (95)
Genesis 9
Exodus 4
Leviticus 11
Numbers 8
Deuteronomy 5
Joshua 1
Judges 6
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Job 4
Psalms 11
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 13
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Hosea 2
Genesis 9
Exodus 4
Leviticus 11
Numbers 8
Deuteronomy 5
Joshua 1
Judges 6
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Job 4
Psalms 12
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 13
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Hosea 2
Genesis 9
Exodus 4
Leviticus 11
Numbers 7
Deuteronomy 5
Judges 6
Ruth 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Kings 3
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Job 4
Psalms 11
Isaiah 10
Jeremiah 13
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 3
Hosea 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-qc 18
v-qi1cs 1
v-qi2fs 2
v-qi2mp 1
v-qi2ms 1
v-qi3mp 6
v-qi3ms 13
v-qp3ms 2
v-qvmp 1
v-qvms 1
v-vPms 1
v-vi3mp 1
v-qc 18
v-qi1cs 2
v-qi2fs 2
v-qi2mp 1
v-qi2ms 1
v-qi3mp 7
v-qi3ms 13
v-qp3ms 2
v-qvmp 2
v-qvms 1
v-vPms 1
v-vi3mp 1
v-qc 18
v-qi1cs 2
v-qi2fs 2
v-qi2mp 1
v-qi2ms 1
v-qi3mp 7
v-qi3ms 13
v-qp3ms 2
v-qvmp 2
v-qvms 1
v-vPms 1
v-vi3mp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1066) rc (גר GR) AC: Sojourn CO: Traveler AB: F KJV (92): stranger, alien, sojourner, chalkstone - Strongs: H1616 (גֵּיר)

Nf1 ) erc (גרה GRH) - I. Cud:The chewing of the cud by clean animals. II. Gerah:A standard of measure. KJV (16): cud, gerah - Strongs: H1625 (גֵּרָה), H1626 (גֵּרָה)

Nf3) tfrc (גרות GRWT) - Lodge: A temporary residence. KJV (1): habitation - Strongs: H1628 (גֵּרוּת)

if1) erct (תגרה TGRH) - Blow: A striking of another out of anger. KJV (1): blow - Strongs: H8409 (תִּגְרָה)

jm) nfrc (גרונ GRWN) - Throat: The throat is the place where fear is felt. KJV (8): throat, neck, mouth - Strongs: H1627 (גּרָֹן)

kf1) ercm (מגרה MGRH) - Saw: Used in stone cutting (in the sense of chewing) . KJV (4): saw, axe - Strongs: H4050 (מְגֵרָה)

lm) rcrc (גרגר GRGR) - Berry: A food harvested and consumed by travelers along the road. KJV (1): berry - Strongs: H1620 (גַּרְגַּר)

lf2) trcrc (גרגרת GRGRT) - Neck: KJV (4): neck - Strongs: H1621 (גַּרְגְּרוֹת)

B) rrc (גרר GRR) AC: Chew CO: Throat AB: ?: The throat is the place where fear is felt.

V) rrc (גרר GRR) - Chew: KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Participle) catch, destroy, chew, saw, continuing - Strongs: H1641 (גָּרַר)

C) rca (אגר AGR) AC: Gather CO: ? AB: ?: A gathering together of small items for traveling such as grain, berries or coins.

V) rca (אגר AGR) - Gather: KJV (3): (vf: Paal) gather - Strongs: H103 (אָגַר)

cf1) erfca (אגורה AGWRH) - Coin: Carried by travelers for the purchase of supplies. KJV (1): coin - Strongs: H95 (אֲגוֹרָה)

G) rec (גהר GHR) AC: Prostrate CO: ? AB: ?: When a stranger meets another he lays prostrate in homage to the other.

V) rec (גהר GHR) - Prostrate: KJV (3): (vf: Paal) stretch, cast down - Strongs: H1457 (גָּהַר)

H) erc (גרה GRH) AC: Fight CO: Throat AB: ?: The place of chewing and growling out of anger. Also scratching of the throat from fear or affliction.

V) erc (גרה GRH) - Fight: A struggle or strife with another. KJV (14): (vf: Hitpael, Piel) stir up, meddle, contend, strive - Strongs: H1624 (גָּרָה)

J) rfc (גור GWR) AC: Sojourn CO: Dwelling AB: F (vf: Paal) |kjv: sojourn, dwell, afraid, stranger, assemble - Strongs: H1481 (גּוּר)

Nm ) rfc (גור GWR) - Whelp: Usually a young lion. [May be derived from the sound of the lion] KJV (7): whelp, young one - Strongs: H1482 (גֻּר), H1484 (גֹּרָה)

Nf1) erfc (גורה GWRH) - Whelp: Usually a young female lion. [May be derived from the sound of the lion] KJV (2): whelp - Strongs: H1484 (גֹּרָה)

am) rfcm (מגור MGWR) - F KJV (8): fear, terror - Strongs: H4032 (מָגוּר)

dm ) rfcm (מגור MGWR) - I. Stranger:One who travels in a strange land. II. Sojourn:To travel a strange land. KJV (11): pilgrimage, stranger, dwelling, sojourn - Strongs: H4033 (מָגֻר)

kcf1) erfcm (מגורה MGWRH) - F |kjv: fear - Strongs: H4034 (מְגוֹרָה)

kdf1 ) erfcm (מגורה MGWRH) - I. F KJV (3): fear, barn - Strongs: H4035 (מְגוּרָה)

L) rci (יגר YGR) AC: ? CO: ? AB: F (vf: Paal) |kjv: afraid, fear - Strongs: H3025 (יָגֹר)

cm ) rfci (יגור YGWR) - Afraid: KJV (2): fear, afraid - Strongs: H3016 (יָגוֹר)

M) ric (גיר GYR) AC: ? CO: Limestone AB: ?: Used to make a plaster for making a flat level floor.

Nm) ric (גיר GYR) - Plaster: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (2): plaister - Strongs: H1528 (גִּיר), H1615 (גִּר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. גּוּר verb sojourn (compare Arabic turn aside tarry, see especially III. IV. VIII. X; Aramaic Eth. in derivatives) —

Qal Perfect גָּר Genesis 35:27 3t., וְגָר consecutive Isaiah 11:6; גַּרְתָּה Genesis 21:23; גַּרְתִּי Genesis 32:5; Psalm 120:5; גָּרוּ Exodus 6:4; Imperfect יָגוּר Exodus 12:48 12t., וַיָּ֫גָר Genesis 20:1 2t.; suffix יְגֻרְךָ Psalm 5:5; 3 feminine singular וַתָּ֫גָר 2 Kings 8:2; 2 feminine singular תָּגוּרִי 2 Kings 8:1; cohortative אָגוּ֑רָה Psalm 61:5 יָגוּרוּ Isaiah 16:4; Imperative גּוּר Genesis 26:3, גּוּ֫רִי 2 Kings 8:1; Infinitive construct גּוּר Genesis 12:10 17t.; Participle גָּר Deuteronomy 18:6; Judges 17:7 17t.; feminine construct גָּרַת Exodus 3:22; plural גָּרִים Leviticus 25:6 8t.; construct גָּרֵי Job 19:15; —

1 sojourn, dwell for a (definite or indefinite) time, dwell as a new-comer (compare גֵּר) without original rights, see especially Genesis 19:9 (J) Deuteronomy 18:6 & compare Judges 17:7,8,9; Judges 19:1; also Genesis 12:10; Genesis 20:1; Genesis 21:23,34; Genesis 32:5; Genesis 47:4 (all J E); of partriarchs in Canaan Genesis 26:3 (J) Genesis 35:27; Exodus 6:4 (both P) compare Psalm 105:12 = 1 Chronicles 16:19; Judges 19:16; 2 Samuel 4:3; 2 Kings 8:1 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 8:2 (seven years) Isaiah 16:4; Ruth 1:1; Ezra 1:4 (in exile); compare further Exodus 3:22 (E) גָּרַת בַּיִת of a woman in another's house as lodger or guest (see Di), גָּרֵי בַיִת Job 19:15; so (poetry) of worshipper in Yahweh's house Psalm 15:1; Psalm 61:5 compare Isaiah 33:14 (twice in verse); figurative of evil לֹא יְגָֻֽרְךָ רָ֑ע Psalm 5:5 evil cannot be a guest of thine (Che; followed by accusative, as in Arabic III); particulary of the גֵּר (q. v.) in Israel Exodus 12:48,49; Leviticus 16:29 (all P) 17: 8; Leviticus 17:10,12,13; Leviticus 18:26; Leviticus 19:33,34; Leviticus 20:2; Leviticus 25:6,45 (all H) Numbers 9:14; Numbers 15:14,15,16,26,29; Numbers 19:10; Joshua 20:9 (all P) Ezekiel 14:7; Ezekiel 47:22,23; of Ephraim and Manasseh sojourning with Judah and Benjamin 2 Chronicles 15:9; of Rechabites sojourning in Judah Jeremiah 35:7; of Israelites sojourning in Egypt Deuteronomy 26:5; Isaiah 52:4; Psalm 105:23; so of Judah, to escape from under Babylonian power Jeremiah 42:15,17,22; Jeremiah 43:2; Jeremiah 44:8,12,14,28.

2 abide, nearly or quite = dwell Jeremiah 43:5 compare Lamentations 4:15; Jeremiah 49:18,33; Jeremiah 50:40, also Job 28:4; of wolf dwelling with lamb Isaiah 11:6; stay (inactive) Judges 5:17; — in Isaiah 5:17 read perhaps, for גָּרִים, גְּדָיִם or כָּרִים compare ᵐ5 Lo Ew Di & Che critical note (> Stu גֵּרִים)

Hithpolel Participle מִתְגּוֺרֵר 1 Kings 17:20 seek hospitality with, followed by עִם (compareArabic x); יִתְגּוֺרָ֖רוּ Hosea 7:14 is dubious (compare II. גור); AE Ki Thes Wü AV RV they assemble themselves, but text probably error, see גדד.

II. [גּוּר] verb stir up strife, quarrel (compare גרה) — so Ew Che Di RVm ( Isaiah 54:15); gather together Ges De Br compare ᵑ7ᵑ9, so AV RV; —

Qal. Perfect גָּר Isaiah 54:15; Imperfect יָגוּר Isaiah 54:15, יָגוּרוּ Psalm 56:7; Psalm 59:4; Psalm 140:3 (on all compare below); Infinitive absolute גּוֺר Isaiah 54:15; —

1 stir up strife, absolute גּוֺר יָגוּר Isaiah 54:14; compare Psalm 56:7 (but AE Che read יָגוֺדּוּ attack, see גדד); followed by עַלֿ Psalm 59:4 (but Che id.; compare Psalm 94:21, which however Ol would emend by Psalm 56:7; Psalm 59:4); followed by accusative מִלְחָמוֺת Psalm 140:3 (Hup Che read יְגָרוּ Pi`el Imperfect of גרה)

2 quarrel, followed by אֶתֿ with Isaiah 54:15. Here also

Hithpolel Imperfect Hosea 7:14 יִתְגּוֺרָ֖רוּ (compare I. גור), according to Ew, they excite themselves, but unlikely; see גדד.

III. [גּוּר] verb dread (compare יָגֹר) —

Qal Imperfect וַיָּגָר Numbers 22:3; 1 Samuel 18:15; 2 masculine singular תָּגוּר Deuteronomy 18:22; אָגוּר Deuteronomy 32:27; plural יָגוּרוּ Psalm 33:8; Job 41:17 + Hosea 10:5, תָּגוּרוּ Deuteronomy 1:17; Imperative גּוּרוּ Psalm 22:24; Job 19:29; —

1 be afraid of, followed by מִמְּנֵי Numbers 22:3; Deuteronomy 1:17; 1 Samuel 18:15, גּוּרוּ לָכֶם מִמְּנֵי Job 19:29; with מִן Job 41:17; Deuteronomy 18:22; with accusative Deuteronomy 32:27 (poetry) Hosea 10:5 read probably ינודו lament ("" אבל, used with לְ e.g. Nahum 3:7; Jeremiah 15:5 and elsewhere; compare Che).

2 stand in awe of, followed by מִן Psalm 22:24; Psalm 33:8 (יָרֵא).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

גּוּר i.q. Arab. جَاَر prop. to turn aside from the way, like זוּר; hence to turn aside to any one, and in the common use of the language

(1) to tarry anywhere, as a sojourner and stranger, to sojourn; used of individuals, Genesis 12:10, 19:9 20:1 Judges 17:7 and of whole nations, Exodus 6:4; Psalms 105:23; Ezra 1:4. Poet. used of brutes, Isaiah 11:6. Followed by בְּ of the land in which any one tarries as a stranger, Genesis 21:23, 26:3 47:4 עִם is prefixed to the person or people with whom any one tarries, Genesis 32:5 אֵת Exodus 12:48 Levit. 19:33 בְּ Isaiah 16:4, but poet. these are also put in the accusative; Psalms 120:5, אוֹיָה־לִּי כִּי גַרְתִּי מֶשֶׁךְ “woe is me, that I sojourn in Mesech;” Judges 5:17, וְדָן לָמָּה יָגוּר אֳנִיּוֹת “and why did Dan remain in his ships?” i.e. sit at leisure on the sea shore, as is well expressed by LXX., Vulg., Luth. Job 19:15, גָּרֵי בֵיתִי “the sojourners of my house,” i.e. servants, for in the other hemistich there is handmaids; Exodus 3:22, גָּרַת בֵּיתָהּ “her sojourners;” or according to Vulg. hospita ejus. LXX. σύσκηνος. Others understand neighbour, from the Arabic usage; Isaiah 33:14, מִי יָגוּר לָנוּ אֵשׁ אֹכֵ֑לָה מִי־יָגוּר לָנוּ מוֹקְדֵי עוֹלָם “who among us shall dwell with the devouring fire, who shall dwell with everlasting burnings?” It is the cry of sinners near the overthrow sent by Jehovah (verse 12 Isaiah 33:12, 13 Isaiah 33:13), fearing for themselves. גּוּר בְּאֹהֶל יְהֹוָה “to sojourn in the tent of Jehovah,” is i.q. to be frequently present in the temple; to be as it were God’s guest, and (what is joined with this idea) to have His care and protection. Psalms 15:1, 61:5, compare 39:13, also with acc., Psalms 5:5, לֹא יְגֻרְךָ רָע “a wicked person shall not dwell with thee.” Parall. God hath no pleasure in wickedness. (Arab. جار Conj. III, to remain in a temple on account of religion, also to receive under protection. جَارُ اْللَّه a guest or client of God, used of a man tarrying long in a holy city.) Part. גָּר, which is distinguished from the verbal noun גֵּר, whence Leviticus 17:12, הַגֵּר הַגָּר בְּתוֹכְכֶם “the stranger that sojourneth amongst you;” 18:26 19:34. [“Plural גָּרִים strangers, nomades, Isaiah 5:17.”]- Job 28:4, in the description of a mine, פָּרַץ נַחַל מֵעִם גָּר with Rabbi Levi I interpret, “a man breaks a channel (i.e. a shaft) from where he dwells, and as it were sojourns,” i.e. from the surface of the ground as the abode of men; מֵעִם גָּר for the fuller מֵעִם אֲשֶׁר גָּר שָׁם i.q. afterwards מֵאֱנוֹשׁ.

(2) to fear, like יָגֹר and وَجِرَ. This signification is taken from that of turning aside, since one who is timid and fearful of another, goes out of the way and turns aside from him (geht ihm aus dem Wege, tritt zurück). Followed by מִן (compare מִן No. 2, a) Job 41:17 and מִפְּנֵי Numbers 22:3; Deuteronomy 1:17, 18:22 1 Samuel 18:15 once used with an acc. of the thing feared; Deuteronomy 32:27 לְ of the thing for which one fears, Hosea 10:5. Of fear or reverence towards God, Psalms 22:24, 33:8.

(3) to be gathered together, or gather selves together; this signification (which I have defended at length against J. D. Michaëlis, in Thes. p. 274) it has in common with the kindred verbs אָגַר, גָּרַר which see, zufammen fcharren. Psalms 56:7, יָגוּרוּ יַצְפִּינוּ “they are gathered together (and) hide themselves;” i.e. they lie hid in troops in their lurking places. Followed by עַל and אֵת against any one, Psalms 59:4; Isaiah 54:15 see Hithpalel. Once, apparently, transitively i.q. Ch., Syr. גָּרֵג, ܓܰܪܶܓ; Lat. congreg are (from grex, gregis). Psalms 140:3, יָגוּרוּ מִלְחָמוֹת “they gathered together wars.”

Hithpalel הִתְגּוֹרֵר.

(1) i.q. Kal No. 1, to tarry; 1Ki. 17:20.

(2) i.q. Kal No. 3, to gather selves together. In Hosea 7:14, עַל־דָּגָן וְתִירוֹשׁ יִתְגּוֹרָרוּ יָסוּרוּ בִי “they gather themselves together for corn and new wine, they turn aside from me;” i.e. they gather together to supplicate idols for the fertility of their fields. מִתְגֹּרֵר Jeremiah 30:23 see under the root גָּרַר.

Derivatives גֵּר, גֵּיר, גֵּרוּת; מָגוֹר, מָגוּר, מְגוֹרָה, מְגוּרָה, מַמְּגוּרָה and pr.n. יָגוּר.

[“II. גּוּר, a different root. Perhaps to suck, whence גּוּר, גּוֹר a suckling, the sucking whelp of a lion. Compare עַיִר. Eth. ዕዋል፡ a young ass; עוּל a sucking child, ܒܺܝܠܐܳ a young animal.” Ges. add.]

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List of Word Forms
אָג֔וּר אָג֣וּרָה אגור אגורה גַ֣רְתִּי גַּ֔רְתִּי גַּ֥רְתָּה גָ֖ר גָ֥ר גָּ֗ר גָּ֘רֵ֤י גָּ֚ר גָּ֣ר גָּ֥ר גָּ֥רוּ גָּֽר־ גָּרִ֔ים גָּרִ֥ים גָֽר־ גּ֚וּר גּ֤וּרוּ גּ֥וֹר גור גורו גר גר־ גרו גרי גרים גרתה גרתי הַגָּ֑ר הַגָּ֣ר הַגָּ֥ר הַגָּרִ֖ים הַגָּרִ֣ים הַגָּרִ֤ים הגר הגרים וְג֖וּרִי וְג֥וּרוּ וְגָ֤ר וְגָרִ֥ים וְהַגָּרִים֙ וַיָּ֖גָר וַיָּ֥גָר וַיָּ֧גָר וַיָּ֨גָר וַתָּ֥גָר וּמִגָּרַ֣ת וגורו וגורי וגר וגרים והגרים ויגר ומגרת ותגר יְגֻרְךָ֣ יִתְגּוֹרָ֖רוּ יָ֝ג֗וּרוּ יָג֖וּר יָג֖וּרוּ יָג֛וּר יָג֣וּר יָג֣וּרוּ יָג֤וּרוּ יָג֤וּרוּ ׀ יָג֥וּר יָג֥וּרוּ יָג֧וּר יָג֨וּר יָגוּר֩ יגור יגורו יגרך יתגוררו לָג֖וּר לָג֣וּר לָג֥וּר לָגֽוּר־ לָגֽוּר׃ לָגוּר֙ לגור לגור־ לגור׃ מִתְגּוֹרֵ֥ר מתגורר תָּג֑וּרִי תָג֖וּר תָג֙וּרוּ֙ תגור תגורו תגורי ’ā·ḡū·rāh ’ā·ḡūr ’āḡūr ’āḡūrāh aGur aGurah gā·rê gā·rîm gā·rū gar gār ḡār gār- ḡār- gar·tāh gar·tî ḡar·tî gārê gaRei gaRim gārîm Gartah gartāh Garti gartî ḡartî Garu gārū gō·wr Gor gōwr gū·rū gur gūr Guru gūrū hag·gā·rîm hag·gār hagGar haggār haggaRim haggārîm lā·ḡūr lā·ḡūr- laGur lāḡūr lāḡūr- miṯ·gō·w·rêr mitgoRer miṯgōwrêr tā·ḡū·rî ṯā·ḡū·rū ṯā·ḡūr taGur ṯāḡūr taGuri tāḡūrî taGuru ṯāḡūrū ū·mig·gā·raṯ umiggaRat ūmiggāraṯ vaiYagor vatTagor veGar vegaRim veGuri veGuru vehaggaRim wat·tā·ḡār wattāḡār way·yā·ḡār wayyāḡār wə·ḡā·rîm wə·ḡār wə·ḡū·rî wə·ḡū·rū wə·hag·gā·rîm wəḡār wəḡārîm wəḡūrî wəḡūrū wəhaggārîm yā·ḡū·rū yā·ḡūr yaGur yāḡūr yaGuru yāḡūrū yə·ḡur·ḵā yegurCha yəḡurḵā yiṯ·gō·w·rā·rū yitgoRaru yiṯgōwrārū
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 23rd, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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