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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3474 - יָשַׁר

Transliteration
yâshar
Phonetics
yaw-shar'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
930
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be right, be straight, be level, be upright, be just, be lawful, be smooth

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to go straight

1a2) to be pleasing, be agreeable, be right (figuratively)

1a3) to be straightforward, be upright

1b) (Piel)

1b1) to make right, make smooth, make straight

1b2) to lead, direct, lead straight along

1b3) to esteem right, approve

1c) (Pual) to be made level, be laid smoothly out

1d) (Hiphil) to make straight, look straight

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 700 ‑ ἀρέσκω (ar‑es'‑ko);  1380 ‑ δοκέω (dok‑eh'‑o);  1614 ‑ ἐκτείνω (ek‑ti'‑no);  2106 ‑ εὐδοκέω (yoo‑dok‑eh'‑o);  2116 ‑ εὐθύνω (yoo‑thoo'‑no);  1342 ‑ δίκαιος (dik'‑ah‑yos);  746 ‑ ἀρχή (ar‑khay');  2112 ‑ εὐθέως (yoo‑theh'‑oce);  2117 ‑ εὐθύς (yoo‑thoos');  3718 ‑ ὀρθοτομέω (or‑thot‑om‑eh'‑o);  2609 ‑ κατάγω (kat‑ag'‑o);  2720 ‑ κατευθύνω (kat‑yoo‑thoo'‑no);  2112 ‑ εὐθέως (yoo‑theh'‑oce);  2117 ‑ εὐθύς (yoo‑thoos');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (26) NAS (29) HCS (25)
Numbers 1
Judges 2
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 5
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 2
Habakkuk 1
Numbers 1
Judges 2
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 5
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 2
Habakkuk 1
Numbers 1
Judges 2
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 2
Psalms 2
Proverbs 5
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 2
Habakkuk 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-PPms 1
v-hi3mpXa 1
v-hvms 1
v-pPmp 1
v-pi1cs 2
v-pi3fs 1
v-pi3ms 2
v-pp1cs 1
v-pvmp 1
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3fs 2
v-qp3ms 3
v-qw3fs 1
v-qw3ms 4
v-PPms 1
v-hi3mpXa 1
v-hvms 1
v-pPmp 1
v-pi1cs 2
v-pi3fs 1
v-pi3ms 2
v-pp1cs 1
v-pvmp 1
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3fs 2
v-qp3ms 3
v-qw3fs 1
v-qw3ms 4
v-PPms 1
v-hi3mpXa 1
v-hvms 1
v-pPmp 1
v-pi1cs 2
v-pi3fs 1
v-pi3ms 2
v-pp1cs 1
v-pvmp 1
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qp3fs 2
v-qp3ms 3
v-qw3fs 1
v-qw3ms 4
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1480) rs (סהר ShR) AC: Tie CO: Cord AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth representing pressure, the r is a picture of the head representing the top or beginning. Combined these mean "press the beginning". Ropes and cords were usually made of bark strips such as from the cedar or from the sinew (tendon) of an animal. The rope is made by twisting two fibers together. A single fiber is attached to a fixed point (top) , and the two ends of the fiber are brought together. One fiber is twisted in a clockwise direction and wrapped over the other fiber in counter clockwise direction. The second fiber is then twisted in clockwise direction then wrapped around the first fiber in a counter clockwise direction. The process is repeated through the length of the rope. The twisting of the fibers in opposite directions causes the fibers to lock (press) onto each other making a stronger rope. The rope is used to tightly secure or support something, such as a load to a cart or the poles of the tent.

A) rs (סהר ShR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: Sinews were used for making cords by twisting them together. The umbilical cord, and navel, as a cord that binds the infant to the mother.

Nm) rs (סהר ShR) - Cord: The navel cord. KJV (2): navel - Strongs: H8270 (שֹׁר)

Nf1) ers (סהרה ShRH) - I. Bracelet:A cord around the wrist. II. Wall:As encircling a city. KJV (2): bracelet, wall - Strongs: H8284 (שָׁרָה), H8285 (שֵׁרָה)

hf1) ersm (מסהרה MShRH) - Juice: As loosened from the fruit. KJV (1): liquor - Strongs: H4952 (מִשְׁרָה)

mm) nrs (סהרנ ShRN) - Wall: As an armor around the city. [df: anrsa]KJV (2): wall - Strongs: H846 (אֻשַּׁרְנָא)

efjm/f ) nfiris (סהיריונ ShYRYWN) - Harness: An armor made from tightly wound cords of leather. KJV (11): habergeon, coat, harness, breastplate, brigadine - Strongs: H5630 (סִרְיוֹן), H8302 (שִׁרְיֹנָה)

B) rrs (סהרר ShRR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: Sinews were used for making cords by twisting them together. The umbilical cord, and navel, as a cord that binds the infant to the mother.

V) rrs (סהרר ShRR) - Enemy: As one who is to be tied up. KJV (5): (vf: Paal) enemy - Strongs: H8324 (שׁוֹרֵר)

Nm) rrs (סהרר ShRR) - Cord: KJV (1): navel - Strongs: H8326 (שֹׁרֶר)

bm) rirs (סהריר ShRYR) - Navel: KJV (1): navel - Strongs: H8306 (שָׁרִיר)

bf3) tfrirs (סהרירות ShRYRWT) - Imagination: A twisting together of thoughts. KJV (10): imagination, lust - Strongs: H8307 (שְׁרִרוּת)

C) rsa (אסהר AShR) AC: ? CO: Straight AB: ?: A cord pulled tight is straight.

V) rsa (אסהר AShR) - Happy: One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. KJV (16): (vf: Paal, Pual, Piel) blessed, lead, go, guide, happy, leader, relieve - Strongs: H833 (אָשֵׁר)

Nm) rsa (אסהר AShR) - I. Happy:One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. II. Which:Or who, what or that. As a rope attaches two objects together, this word links the action of the sentence to the one doing the action. [The short form " s " is used as a prefix meaning "who" or "which"] KJV (156): blessed, happy, which, wherewith, because, when, soon, as, that, until much, whosoever, whom, whose - Strongs: H834 (אֲשֶׁר), H835 (אֶשֶׁר)

df ) rfsa (אסהור AShWR) - Step: A walking in straight line. KJV (9): step, going - Strongs: H838 (אשׁר)

gm) rsfa (אוסהר AWShR) - Happy: One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. KJV (1): happy - Strongs: H837 (אֹשֶׁר)

idf) rfsat (תאסהור TAShWR) - Teashur: An unknown tree. Possibly a type of cedar from its bark strips which can be used for making cords. KJV (2): box - Strongs: H8391 (תְּאַשּׁוּר)

D) ras (סהאר ShAR) AC: Remain CO: Relative AB: ?: When the nomadic tribe was larger than could be maintained the family divided in the sense of severing the umbilical cord.

V) ras (סהאר ShAR) - Remain: KJV (133): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Participle) leave, remain, remnant, let, rest - Strongs: H7604 (שָׁאַר)

Nm) ras (סהאר ShAR) - I. Remnant:What is left behind. II. Kin:A near relative of another tribe. KJV (54): flesh, kinswoman, food, near, nigh, kin, body, kinsman, remnant, rest, residue, other - Strongs: H7605 (שְׁאָר), H7606 (שְׁאָר), H7607 (שְׁאֵר)

Nf1) eras (סהארה ShARH) - Kin: A near female relative. KJV (1): kinswoman - Strongs: H7608 (שַׁאֲרָה)

Nf4) tiras (סהארית ShARYT) - Remnant: KJV (66): remnant, residue, rest, remainder, escaped - Strongs: H7611 (שְׁאֵרִית)

lf1) ersrs (סהרסהרה ShRShRH) - Cord: KJV (7): chain - Strongs: H8333 (שַׁרְשְׁרָה)

H) ers (סהרה ShRH) AC: Loose CO: Cord AB: ?: The tying around of something with a cord, or the loosening of it.

V) ers (סהרה ShRH) - Loose: To untie something or to let something go. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Piel) loose, dissolve, dwell, began - Strongs: H8271 (שְׁרָא), H8281 (שָׁרָה), H8293 (שֵׁרוּת)

J) rfs (סהור ShWR) AC: ? CO: Caravan AB: ?: A group that travels around an area carrying loads. The bull is used as a beast of burden to carry loads.

V) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Caravan:To travel as a group of merchants with loads. II. See:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Participle) went, sing, behold, see, look, observe, wait, regard, perceive - Strongs: H7788 (שׁוּר), H7789 (שׁוּר)

Nm) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Ox:Used for pulling heavy loads. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Wall:As tied around a city. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Enemy:As one who is to be tied up. KJV (93): ox, bullock, cow, bull, enemy, wall - Strongs: H7790 (שׁוּר), H7791 (שׁוּרָה), H7792 (שׁוּר), H7794 (שׁוֹר), H8450 (תּוֹר)

Nf1) erfs (סהורה ShWRH) - Row: As a wall. [df: hrwV] KJV (1): principle - Strongs: H7795 (שׂוֹרָה)

if1 ) erfst (תסהורה TShWRH) - Gift: As brought by a traveler. KJV (1): present - Strongs: H8670 (תְּשׁוּרָה)

L) rsi (יסהר YShR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: A tight rope is straight. A righteous one is one who is straight and firmly holds up truth just as the cord is straight and firmly holds the wall of the tent upright.

V) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Straight:To be in a straight line, path or thought. II. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (134): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel, Participle) please, straight, direct, right, well, fit, good, meet, upright, remain, leave, rest, remainder, remnant, reserve, residue, plenteous, behind, excel, preserve - Strongs: H3474 (יָשַׁר), H3498 (יָתַר)

Nm ) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Cord:The cord of the bow. [df: rty]II. Straight:A straight line, path or thought. III. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (220): cord, string, right, upright, righteous, straight, convenient, equity, just, meet, well, rest, remnant, residue, leave, excellency, exceeding, excellent, plentifully - Strongs: H3477 (יָשָׁר), H3499 (יֶתֶר)

gm ) rsfi (יוסהר YWShR) - Straightness: KJV (14): uprightness, right, upright, meet - Strongs: H3476 (יֹשֶׁר)

km) rsim (מיסהר MYShR) - I. Cord: II. Straight:What is straight. [df: rtym] KJV (28): cord, string, equity, uprightly, uprightness, right, agreement, aright, equal, sweetly - Strongs: H4339 (מֵישָׁרִים), H4340 (מֵיתָר)

hcm ) rfsim (מיסהור MYShWR) - Plain: A level, or straight, place. KJV (23): plain, equity, straight, even, right, righteously, uprightness - Strongs: H4334 (מִישֹׁר)

M) ris (סהיר ShYR) AC: Sing CO: Music AB: ?: A stringed musical instrument uses thin cords for making music.

V) ris (סהיר ShYR) - Sing: [df: rws] KJV (87): (vf: Paal, Hophal, Participle) sing, singer, behold - Strongs: H7891 (שׁוּר)

Nf ) ris (סהיר ShYR) - Song: KJV (90): song, musick, singing, musical, sing, singers - Strongs: H7892 (שִׁירָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 יָשַׁר verb be smooth, straight, right (Late Hebrew id., and derivatives; Arabic be Gentle, tractable easy, II. make easy; manageable, easy, but Sabean ותֿר, הותֿר, אהל יתֿרן Os ZMG 1865,270 CIS iv, 29,2; Assyrian Išâu, be or go straight, right, mêšêru, justice, mêšêriš, righteously, Dl HWB 310) —

Qal Perfect יָשַׁר Jeremiah 18:4 2t.; 3 feminine יָ˜שְׁרָה Judges 14:3; Habakkuk 2:4; 3 masculine plural יָָֽשְׁרוּ 1 Kings 9:12; Imperfect יִישַׁר Numbers 23:27 2t.; יִשַׁר 1 Samuel 18:20,26; 3 feminine singularתִּישַׁר Judges 14:7; 3 feminine plural יִשַּׁרְנָה 1 Samuel 6:12 (Ges§ 47, n. 3; 71) —

1 go straight, בַּדֶּרֶךְ in the way 1 Samuel 6:12.

2 figurative, be pleasing, agreeable, right (בְּעֵינֵי in the yees of); said of a woman Judges 14:3,7; a man Jeremiah 27:5; of matters and things (הַדָּבָר) 1 Samuel 18:20,26; 2 Samuel 17:4; 1 Chronicles 13:4; 2 Chronicles 30:4; of cities 1 Kings 9:12; a place בְּעֵינֵי הָאֱלֹהִים Numbers 23:27 (E); with כַּאֲשֶׁר Jeremiah 18:4.

3 in ethical sense, straightforward, upright; לֹאיָָֽשְׁרָה נַפְשׁוֺ בּוֺ Habakkuk 2:4 his soul is not upright in him (opposed to עֻמְּלָה swollen).

Pi`el Perfect1׳יִשָּׁ֑רְתִּ Psalm 119:128 (יִשְׁרֵהוּ Job 37:3,3masculine suffix Thes; but < Ew Di Hi De Daniel , Imperfect from שָׁרָה); Imperfect יְיַשֵּׁר Proverbs 3:6; יְיַשֶּׁרֿ Proverbs 15:21; suffix וַיְיַשְּׁרֵם (Masoretes abbreviated וַיַּשְּׁרֵם) 2 Chronicles 32:30; 3 feminine singular תְּיַשֵּׁר Proverbs 11:4; 1 singular אֲיַשֵּׁר Isaiah 45:13; אֲיַשֵּׁר Isaiah 45:2 Qr (Kt Hiph`il אוֺשִׁר Ges§ 70, 2doubtless copyist's error); Imperative plural יַשְּׁרוּ Isaiah 40:3; Participle plural מְיַשְּׁרִים Proverbs 9:15; —

1 make smooth, straight, accusative מְסִלָּה Isaiah 40:3; הֲדוּרִים Isaiah 45:2; figurative, with דֶּרֶךְ make smooth or straight, i.e. free from obstacles, successful Isaiah 45:13; Proverbs 11:5, אֹרַח Proverbs 3:5; in ethical sense, הַמְיַשְּׁרִים אָרְחוֺתָם Proverbs 9:15 those making straight their paths, going straightforward on their paths; יְיַשֶּׁרלָֿ֑כֶת Proverbs 15:21 maketh straight his going, goeth straightforwards.

2 lead straight along direct, waters of an aqueduct 2 Chronicles 32:30; (of the thunder Job 37:3 according to some; but see rather שָׁרָה)

3 esteem right, approve Psalm 119:128 (read כל פקודיך לי יִשָּׁ֑רְתִּי).

Pu`al Participle זָהָב מְיֻשָּׁר 1 Kings 6:35 gold made level, laid smoothly out, upon the graven work.

Hiph`il Imperfect 3 plural עַפְעַמֶּיךָ יַיְשִׁרוּ נֶגְדֶּ֑ךָ Proverbs 4:25 let thine eyelids look straight before thee; Imperative הַיְ֯שַׁר דַּרְכֶּךָ make thy way even Psalm 5:9 Qr (Kt הוֺשַׁר; see Ges70 (2)).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

יָשַׁר fut. יִישַׁר (once יִשּׁר 1 Samuel 6:12).

(1) i.q. אָשַׁר (kindred roots are כָּשַׁר, עָשַׁר) to be straight, especially of a way, 1 Samuel 6:12, וַיִּשַּׁרְנָה הַפָּרוֹת בַּדֶּרֶךְ prop. “and the kine were straight in the way,” i.e. they went in a straight, direct way. (As to the grammatical form, see Gramm. § 47, note 3.) Metaphorically in this one phrase, יָשַׁר בְּעֵינַי to be straight in my eyes, i.e. “it is pleasing to me,” I approve it, Numbers 23:27; Judges 14:3, Judges 14:7; 1 Samuel 18:20, 26 1 Samuel 18:26; 2 Samuel 17:4; 1 Kings 9:12.

(2) to be even, level, metaphorically used of an even mind, i.e. tranquil (compare שִׁוָּה Isaiah 38:13), or composed, opp. to inflated, proud, Habakkuk 2:4, הִנֵּה עֻפְּלָה לֹא־יָֽשְׁרָה נַפְשׁוֹ בּוֹ “behold the puffed up, his soul is not tranquil in him.”

Piel

(1) to make a way straight, Proverbs 9:15, “those who make their ways straight,” i.e. those who go on in a straight way, the upright. ישֵׁר לָלֶכֶת to go straight forward. Proverbs 15:21, “God makes straight the ways of any one,” i.e. causes that his affairs may prosper; Proverbs 3:6, 11:5. Hence to direct, as a water course, 2 Chronicles 32:30 poetically applied to thunder, Job 37:2.

(2) to esteem as right, to approve, Psalms 119:128.

(3) causat. of Kal No. 2, to make even, level, as a way, Isaiah 40:3, 45:13 followed by לְ for any one.

Pual, pass. of Piel No. 3. Part. זָהָב מְיֻשָּׁר gold made even, spread out, 1 Kings 6:35.

Hiphil הַיְשִׁיר and הוֹשִׁיר (Psalms 5:9; Isaiah 45:2 כתיב)

(1) to make a way straight. Ellipt. Proverbs 4:25, “let thy eyelids יַיְשִׁירוּ נֶנְדֶּךָ make straight (sc. a way) before thee,” i.e. let them look straight.

(2) to make a way even, Psalms 5:9 high places, Isaiah 45:2.

Derived nouns, מִישׁוֹר, מֵישָׁר, pr.n. שָׁרוֹן and those which immediately follow.

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List of Word Forms
אֲיַשֵּׁ֑ר אֲיַשֵּׁ֑ר אישר הַֽ֝מְיַשְּׁרִ֗ים הַיְשַׁ֖ר הישר המישרים וַֽיַּישְּׁרֵ֥ם וַיִּישַׁ֥ר וַיִּשַׁ֤ר וַיִּשַׁ֥ר וַיִשַּׁ֨רְנָה וַתִּישַׁ֖ר ויישר ויישרם וישר וישרנה ותישר יְיַשֵּׁ֥ר יְיַשֶּׁר־ יִשְׁרֵ֑הוּ יִשָּׁ֑רְתִּי יַיְשִׁ֥רוּ יַשְּׁרוּ֙ יָשְׁר֖וּ יָשְׁרָ֥ה יָשַׁ֛ר יָשַׁ֥ר יישר יישר־ יישרו ישר ישרה ישרהו ישרו ישרתי מְיֻשָּׁ֖ר מישר תְּיַשֵּׁ֣ר תישר ’ă·yaš·šêr ’ăyaššêr ayashSher ham·yaš·šə·rîm hamyashsheRim hamyaššərîm hay·šar hayšar hayShar mə·yuš·šār meyushShar məyuššār tə·yaš·šêr teyashSher təyaššêr vaiyaishshRem vaiyiShar vattiShar vayishSharnah wa·yiš·šar·nāh wat·tî·šar wattîšar way·yayš·šə·rêm way·yi·šar way·yî·šar wayiššarnāh wayyayššərêm wayyišar wayyîšar yā·šar yā·šə·rāh yā·šə·rū yaš·šə·rū yāšar yāšərāh yāšərū yaShar yasheRah yasheRu yashsheRu yaššərū yay·ši·rū yayShiru yayširū yə·yaš·šêr yə·yaš·šer- yeyashSher yəyaššêr yəyaššer- yiš·rê·hū yiš·šā·rə·tî yishRehu yishShareti yišrêhū yiššārətî
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the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
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