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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Perceive

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1: γινώσκω

(Strong's #1097 — Verb — ginosko — ghin-oce'-ko )

"to know by experience and observation," is translated "to perceive" in Matthew 12:15 , RV (AV, "knew"); Matthew 16:8; 21:45; 22:18; 26:10 , RV, (AV, "understood"); Mark 8:17; 12:12; 15:10 , RV (AV, "knew"); so Luke 9:11; 18:34; in Luke 7:39 , RV (AV, "known"); Luke 20:19 (cp. No. 7 in ver. 23); John 6:15; 8:27 , RV (AV, "understood"); John 16:19 , RV (AV, "knew"); Acts 23:6; Galatians 2:9; in 1 John 3:16 , AV, "perceive" (RV, "know," perfect tense, lit., "we have perceived," and therefore "know"). See KNOW.

2: ἐπιγινώσκω

(Strong's #1921 — Verb — epiginosko — ep-ig-in-oce'-ko )

a strengthened form of No. 1, "to gain a full knowledge of, to become fully acquainted with," is translated "to perceive" in Mark 5:30 , RV (AV, "Knowing"); Luke 1:22; 5:22; Acts 19:34 , RV (AV, "knew"). See ACKNOWLEDGE , KNOW.

3: ὁράω

(Strong's #3708 — Verb — eidon — hor-ah'-o )

(akin to oida, "to know"), an aorist form used to supply that tense of horao, "to see," is translated "to perceive" in Matthew 13:14; Mark 4:12; Acts 28:26; in Luke 9:47 , AV (RV, "saw"); in Acts 14:9 , AV, "perceiving" (RV, "seeing"). See BEHOLD , No. 1.

4: θεωρέω

(Strong's #2334 — Verb — theoreo — theh-o-reh'-o )

"to be a spectator of, look at, discern," is translated "to perceive" in John 4:19 (indicating the woman's earnest contemplation of the Lord); so Acts 17:22; in John 12:19 , RV, "behold" (AV, "perceive ye"). See BEHOLD , No. 6.

5: αἰσθάνομαι

(Strong's #143 — Verb — aisthanomai — ahee-sthan'-om-ahee )

"to perceive, to notice, understand," is used in Luke 9:45 , RV, "(that they should not) perceive," AV, "(that) they perceived ... (not)."

6: νοέω

(Strong's #3539 — Verb — noeo — noy-eh'-o )

"to perceive with the mind, to understand," is translated "to perceive" in Matthew 15:17 , RV (AV, "understand"); Song of Solomon 16:9,11; John 12:40; Romans 1:20; Ephesians 3:4; in Mark 7:18; 8:17 , AV and RV, "perceive." See CONSIDER , No. 4.

7: κατανοέω

(Strong's #2657 — Verb — katanoeo — kat-an-o-eh'-o )

a strengthened form of No. 6, "to take note of, consider carefully," is translated "to perceive" in Luke 6:41 , AV (RV, "considerest"); Luke 20:23; Acts 27:39 , RV (AV, "discovered"). See BEHOLD , No. 11.

8: καταλαμβάνω

(Strong's #2638 — Verb — katalambano — kat-al-am-ban'-o )

"to lay hold of, apprehend, comprehend," is translated "to perceive" in Acts 4:13; 10:34 . See APPREHEND , No. 1.

Notes: (1) In Mark 12:28 the best mss. have oida, "to know" (so RV), for eidon, "to see, perceive" (AV). (2) In Acts 8:23 , AV, horao, "to see," is translated "I perceive" (RV, "I see"). (3) In 2 Corinthians 7:8 , AV, blepo, "to look at, consider, see," is translated "I perceive" (RV, "I (see"). (4) In Acts 23:29 , AV, heurisko, "to see"). (4) In Acts 23:29 , AV, heurisko, "to find," is translated "perceived" (RV, "found").

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Perceive'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/p/perceive.html. 1940.

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