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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Sit

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1: κάθημαι
(Strong's #2521 — Verb — kathemai — kath'-ay-mahee )

is used (a) of the natural posture, e.g., Matthew 9:9 , most frequently in the Apocalypse, some 32 times; frequently in the Gospels and Acts; elsewhere only in 1 Corinthians 14:30; James 2:3 (twice); and of Christ's position of authority on the throne of God, Colossians 3:1 , AV, "sitteth" (RV, "is, seated"); Hebrews 1:13 (cp. Matthew 22:44; 26:64 and parallel passages in Mark and Luke, and Acts 2:34 ); often as antecedent or successive to, or accompanying, another act (in no case a superfluous expression), e.g., Matthew 15:29; 27:36; Mark 2:14; 4:1; (b) metaphorically in Matthew 4:16 (twice); Luke 1:79; of inhabiting a place (translated "dwell"), Luke 21:35; Revelation 14:6 , RV marg., "sit" (in the best texts: some have katoikeo, "to dwell"). See DWELL.

2: συγκάθημαι
(Strong's #4775 — Verb — sunkathemai — soong-kath'-ay-mahee )

"to sit with" (sun, "with," and No. 1), occurs in Mark 14:54; Acts 26:30 . In the Sept., Psalm 101:6 , "dwell."

3: ἀνάκειμαι
(Strong's #345 — Verb — anakeimai — an-ak-i'-mahee )

"to recline at table" (ana, "up," keimai, "to lie"), is rendered "to sit at meat" in Matthew 9:10 (RV, marg., "reclined"); 26:7; 26:20, RV, "He was sitting at meat" (AV, "He sat down"); Mark 16:14; in some mss. Luke 7:37 (see No. 5); 22:27 (twice); in Mark 14:18 , "sat;" in John 6:11 , "were set down;" John 12:2 in the best texts (see No. 4). See GUEST , LEAN , LIE , Note (1), SET , No. 22, TABLE (at the).

4: συνανάκειμαι
(Strong's #4873 — Verb — sunanakeimai — soon-an-ak'-i-mahee )

"to recline at table with or together" (sun, and No. 3), "to sit at meat or at table with," occurs in Matthew 9:10 , "sat down;" Matthew 14:9; Mark 2:15 , RV, "sat down with" (AV, "sat ... together with"); 6:22; Luke 7:49; 14:10,15; John 12:2 (in some texts).

5: κατάκειμαι
(Strong's #2621 — Verb — katakeimai — kat-ak'-i-mahee )

"to lie down" (kata, "down," andkeimai, cp. No. 3), is used of "reclining at a meal," Mark 2:15; 14:3; Luke 5:29 , RV, "were sitting at meat" (AV, "sat down"); Luke 7:37 (in the best texts); 1 Corinthians 8:10 . See KEEP , LIE.

6: ἀνακλίνω
(Strong's #347 — Verb — anaklino — an-ak-lee'-no )

"to cause to recline, make to sit down," is used in the Active Voice, in Luke 12:37 (also in Luke 2:7 , of "laying" the infant Christ in the manger); in the Passive, Matthew 8:11; 14:19; Mark 6:39 (in the best texts); in some texts, Luke 7:36; 9:15 (see No. 7); 13:29. See LAY.

7: κατακλίνω
(Strong's #2625 — Verb — kataklino — kat-ak-lee'-no )

is used only in connection with meals, (a) in the Active Voice, "to make recline," Luke 9:14,15 (in the best texts); in the Passive Voice, "to recline," Luke 7:36 (in the best texts), "sat down to meat;" Luke 14:8; 24:30 (RV, "had sat down ... to meat").

8: καθίζω
(Strong's #2523 — Verb — kathizo — kath-id'-zo )

is used (a) transitively, "to make sit down," Acts 2:30 (see also SET , No. 9); (b) intransitively, "to sit down," e.g., Matthew 5:1 , RV, "when (He) had sat down" (AV, "was set"); Matthew 19:28; 20:21,23; 23:2; 25:31; 26:36; Mark 11:2,7; 12:41; Luke 14:28,31; 16:6; John 19:13; Acts 2:3 (of the tongues of fire); 8:31; 1 Corinthians 10:7; 2 Thessalonians 2:4 , "he sitteth," aorist tense, i.e., "he takes his seat" (as, e.g., in Mark 16:19 ); Revelation 3:21 (twice), RV, "to sit down" and "sat down;" Revelation 20:4 .

9: παρακαθίζω
(Strong's #3869 — Verb — parakathezomai — par-ak-ath-id'-zo )

"to sit down beside" (para), in a Passive Voice form, occurs in the best mss. in Luke 10:39 . Some texts have the verb parakathizo, "to set beside," Active form in Middle sense.

10: συγκαθίζω
(Strong's #4776 — Verb — sunkathizo — soong-kath-id'-zo )

denotes (a) transitively, "to make to sit together," Ephesians 2:6; (b) intransitively, Luke 22:55 , RV, "had sat down together" (AV, "were set down").

11: ἀνακαθίζω
(Strong's #339 — Verb — anakathizo — an-ak-ath-id'-zo )

"to set up," is used intransitively, "to sit up," of two who were raised from the dead, Luke 7:15; Acts 9:40 .

12: ἀναπίπτω
(Strong's #377 — Verb — anapipto — an-ap-ip'-to )

"to fall back" (ana, "back," pipto, "to fall"), denotes in the NT, "to recline for a repast," Matthew 15:35; Mark 6:40; 8:6; Luke 11:37; 14:10; 17:7; 22:14; John 6:10 (twice); 13:12; in John 13:25; 21:20 it is used of leaning on the bosom of Christ. See LEAN. In the Sept., Genesis 49:9 .

13: καθέζομαι
(Strong's #2516 — Verb — kathezomai — kath-ed'-zom-ahee )

"to sit (down)," is used in Matthew 26:55; Luke 2:46; John 4:6; 11:20; 20:12; Acts 6:15 .

Note: For epibaino, "sitting upon," Matthew 21:5 , AV, see RIDE.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Sit'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/s/sit.html. 1940.

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