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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Suffer

* to permit "to let, permit," is translated "to suffer" in Matthew 24:43; Luke 4:41; 22:51; Acts 14:16; 16:7; 19:30; 28:4; 1 Corinthians 10:13 . See LEAVE (a) No. 9, LET, No. 4.

A — 2: προσεάω

(Strong's #4330 — Verb — proseao — pros-eh-ah'-o )

"to permit further" (pros, and No. 1), occurs in Acts 27:7 .

A — 3: ἐπιτρέπω

(Strong's #2010 — Verb — epitrepo — ep-ee-trep'-o )

for which see LEAVE , (b), is rendered "to suffer" in AV and RV in Matthew 8:21; Mark 10:4; Luke 9:59; Acts 28:16; RV only, Luke 9:61 (AV, "let"); AV only, Acts 21:39; in some texts, Matthew 8:31 , AV only. See LIBERTY , C, Note, PERMIT.

A — 4: ἀφίημι

(Strong's #863 — Verb — aphiemi — af-ee'-ay-mee )

"to send away," signifies "to permit, suffer," in Matthew 3:15 (twice); Matthew 19:14; 23:13; Mark 1:34; 5:19,37; 10:14; 11:16; Luke 8:51; 12:39 , AV (RV, "left"); 18:16; John 12:7 , RV, AV and RV marg., "let (her) alone;" Revelation 11:9 . See FORGIVE.

Notes: (1) In Acts 2:27; 13:35 , AV, didomi, "to give" (RV), is rendered "to suffer." (2) In 1 Corinthians 6:7 , AV, apostereo, in the Passive Voice, is rendered "suffer yourselves to be defrauded" (RV, "be defrauded"). (3) For koluo in Hebrews 7:23 , AV, "were not suffered," see HINDER.

* (b) to endure suffering

A — 5: ἀνέχω

(Strong's #430 — Verb — anecho — an-ekh'-om-ahee )

in the Middle Voice, "to bear with," is rendered "to suffer" in Matthew 17:17 and parallel passages; AV only, 1 Corinthians 4:12 (RV, "endure"); 2 Corinthians 11:19,20 and Hebrews 13:22 (RV, "bear with"). See BEAR , ENDURE.

A — 6: πάσχω

(Strong's #3958 — Verb — pascho — pas'-kho, path'-o, pen'-tho )

"to suffer," is used (I) of the "sufferings" of Christ (a) at the hands of men, e.g., Matthew 16:21; 17:12; 1 Peter 2:23; (b) in His expiatory and vicarious sacrifice for sin, Hebrews 9:26; 13:12; 1 Peter 2:21; 3:18; 4:1; (c) including both (a) and (b), Luke 22:15; 24:26,46; Acts 1:3 , "passion;" 3:18; 17:3; Hebrews 5:8; (d) by the antagonism of the evil one, Hebrews 2:18; (II) of human "suffering "(a) of followers of Christ, Acts 9:16; 2 Corinthians 1:6; Galatians 3:4; Philippians 1:29; 1 Thessalonians 2:14; 2 Thessalonians 1:5; 2 Timothy 1:12; 1 Peter 3:14,17; 5:10; Revelation 2:10; in identification with Christ in His crucifixion, as the spiritual ideal to be realized, 1 Peter 4:1; in a wrong way, 1 Peter 4:15; (b) of others, physically, as the result of demoniacal power, Matthew 17:15 , RV, "suffereth (grievously)," AV, "is (sore) vexed;" cp. Mark 5:26; in a dream, Matthew 27:19; through maltreatment, Luke 13:2; 1 Peter 2:19,20; by a serpent (negatively), Acts 28:5 , RV, "took" (AV, "felt:" see FEEL , Note); (c) of the effect upon the whole body through the "suffering" of one member, 1 Corinthians 12:26 , with application to a church.

A — 7: προπάσχω

(Strong's #4310 — Verb — propascho — prop-as'-kho )

"to suffer before" (pro, and No. 2), occurs in 1 Thessalonians 2:2 .

A — 8: συμπάσχω

(Strong's #4841 — Verb — sumpascho — soom-pas'-kho )

"to suffer with" (sun, and No. 2), is used in Romans 8:17 of "suffering" with Christ; in 1 Corinthians 12:26 of joint "suffering" in the members of the body.

A — 9: ὑπέχω

(Strong's #5254 — Verb — hupecho — hoop-ekh'-o )

"to hold under" (hupo, "under," echo, "to have or hold"), is used metaphorically in Jude 1:7 of "suffering" punishment. In the Sept., Psalm 89:50; Lamentations 5:7 .

A — 10: κακουχέω

(Strong's #2558 — Verb — kakoucheo — kak-oo-kheh'-o )

"to ill-treat" (kakos, "evil," and echo, "to have"), is used in the Passive Voice in Hebrews 11:37 , RV, "evil entreated" (AV, "tormented"); in Hebrews 13:3 , RV, "are evil entreated" (AV, "suffer adversity").

A — 11: συγκακουχέομαι

(Strong's #4778 — Verb — sunkakoucheomai — soong-kak-oo-kheh'-o )

"to endure adversity with," is used in Hebrews 11:25 (sun, "with," and No. 6), RV, "to be evil entreated with," AV, "to suffer affliction with."

A — 12: μακροθυμέω

(Strong's #3114 — Verb — makrothumeo — mak-roth-oo-meh'-o )

is rendered "suffereth long" in 1 Corinthians 13:4 . See PATIENCE.

A — 13: ἀδικέω

(Strong's #91 — Verb — adikeo — ad-ee-keh'-o )

"to do wrong, injustice" (a, negative, dike, "right"), is used in the Passive Voice in 2 Peter 2:13 , RV, "suffering wrong" (some texts have komizo, "to receive," AV); there is a play upon words here which may be brought out thus, "being defrauded (of the wages of fraud)," a use of the verb illustrated in the papyri. See HURT.

Notes: (1) In 1 Corinthians 9:12 , AV, stego, "to bear up under," is translated "suffer" (RV, "bear"); see BEAR , No. 11. (2) For hupomeno, rendered "to suffer" in 2 Timothy 2:12 , see ENDURE , No. 2. (3) For "suffer hardship, suffer trouble," see HARDSHIP , Nos. 1 and 2. (4) For "suffer need," Philippians 4:12 , see WANT. (5) For "suffer loss," 2 Corinthians 7:9 , RV, see LOSE , No. 2. (6) For "suffer persecution," see PRESECUTION. (7) For "suffer shipwreck," see SHIPWRECK. (8) For tropophoreo in Acts 13:18 , "suffered ... manners," see MANNER , E. (9) For "sufferth voilence," biazo, see FORCE , B, No. 1, VOILENCE, B, No. 2. (10) In 2 Thessalonians 1:9 , RV, tino, "to pay a penalty," is rendered "shall suffer (punishment)."

B — 1: παθητός

(Strong's #3805 — Adjective — pathetos — path-ay-tos' )

akin to pascho, denotes "one who has suffered," or "subject to suffering," or "destined to suffer;" it is used in the last sense of the "suffering" of Christ, Acts 26:23 .

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Suffer'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/s/suffer.html. 1940.

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