corner graphic   Hi,    
Facebook image
ver. 2.0.17.09.22
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Ability, Able

Resource Toolbox
A — 1: δύναμις
(Strong's #1411 — Noun Feminine — dunamis — doo'-nam-is )

is (a) "power, ability," physical or moral, as residing in a person or thing; (b) "power in action," as, e.g., when put forth in performing miracles. It occurs 118 times in the NT. It is sometimes used of the miracle or sign itself, the effect being put for the cause, e.g., Mark 6:5 , frequently in the Gospels and Acts. In 1 Corinthians 14:11 it is rendered "meaning;" "force" would be more accurate. Cp., the corresponding verbs, B.1,2,3 and the adjective C.1, below. See ABUNDANCE , DEED , MIGHT , POWER , STRENGTH , VIOLENCE , VIRTUE , WORK.

A — 2: ἰσχύς
(Strong's #2479 — Noun Feminine — ischus — is-khoos' )

connected with ischo and echo, "to have, to hold" (from the root ech, signifying "holding"), denotes "ability, force, strength;" "ability" in 1 Peter 4:11 , AV (RV, "strength"). In Ephesians 1:19 and 6:10, it is said of the strength of God bestowed upon believers, the phrase "the power of His might" indicating strength afforded by power. In 2 Thessalonians 1:9 , "the glory of His might" signifies the visible expression of the inherent personal power of the Lord Jesus. It is said of angels in 2 Peter 2:11 (cp., Revelation 18:2 , AV, "mightily"). It is ascribed to God in Revelation 5:12 ; 7:12 . In Mark 12:30,33 ; Luke 10:27 it describes the full extent of the power wherewith we are to love God. See MIGHT , POWER , STRENGTH.

B — 1: δύναμαι
(Strong's #1410 — Verb — dunamai — doo'-nam-ahee )

"to be able, to have power," whether by virtue of one's own ability and resources, e.g., Romans 15:14 ; or through a state of mind, or through favorable circumstances, e.g., 1 Thessalonians 2:6 ; or by permission of law or custom, e.g., Acts 24:8,11 ; or simply "to be able, powerful," Matthew 3:9 ; 2 Timothy 3:15 , etc. See CAN , MAY , POSSIBLE , POWER.

B — 2: δυναμόω
(Strong's #1412 — Verb — dunamoo — doo-nam-o'-o )

"to make strong, confirm," occurs in Colossians 1:11 (some authorities have the 1st aorist or momentary tense, in Hebrews 11:34 also). Cp. endunamoo, "to enable, strengthen."

B — 3: δυνατέω
(Strong's #1414 — Verb — dunateo — doo-nat-eh'-o )

signifies "to be mighty, to show oneself powerful," Romans 4:14 ; 2 Corinthians 9:8 ; 13:3 . See A, No. 1.

B — 4: ἰσχύω
(Strong's #2480 — Verb — ischuo — is-khoo'-o )

akin to A, No. 2, "to be strong, to prevail," indicates a more forceful strength or ability than dunamai, e.g., James 5:16 , where it is rendered "availeth much" (i.e., "prevails greatly"). See AVAIL , CAN , DO , MAY , PREVAIL , STRENGTH , WORK.

Note: Still stronger forms are exischuo, "to be thoroughly strong," Ephesians 3:18 , "may be strong" (not simply "may be able," AV); katischuo, Matthew 16:18 ; Luke 23:23 , in the former, of the powerlessness of the gates of Hades to prevail against the Church; in the latter, of the power of a fierce mob to prevail over a weak ruler (see Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, p. 251); also Luke 21:36 . The prefixed prepositions are intensive in each case.

B — 5: ἔχω
(Strong's #2192 — Verb — echo — ekh'-o )

"to have," is translated "your ability" in 2 Corinthians 8:11 , and "ye may be able" in 2 Peter 1:15 , and is equivalent to the phrase "to have the means of." See CAN , HAVE.

B — 6: εὐπορέω
(Strong's #2141 — Verb — euporeo — yoo-por-eh'-o )

lit, "to journey well" (eu, "well," poreo, "to journey"), hence, "to prosper," is translated "according to (his) ability," in Acts 11:29 .

Note: Hikanoo, corresponding to the adjective hikanos (see below) signifies "to make competent, qualify, make sufficient;" in 2 Corinthians 3:6 , AV, "hath made (us) able;" RV, "hath made us sufficient;" in Colossians 1:12 , "hath made (us) meet." See ENOUGH , SUFFICIENT.

C — 1: δυνατός
(Strong's #1415 — Adjective — dunatos — doo-nat-os' )

corresponding to A, No. 1, signifies "powerful." See, e.g., Romans 4:21 ; 9:22 ; 11:23 ; 12:18 ; 15:1 ; 1 Corinthians 1:26 ; 2 Corinthians 9:8 . See MIGHTY , POSSIBLE , POWER , STRONG.

C — 2: ἱκανός
(Strong's #2425 — Adjective — hikanos — hik-an-os' )

translated "able," is to be distinguished from dunatos. While dunatos means "possessing power," hikanos, primarily, "reaching to," has accordingly the meaning "sufficient." When said of things it signifies "enough," e.g., Luke 22:38 ; when said of persons, it means "competent," "worthy," e.g. 2 Corinthians 2:6,16 ; 3:5 ; 2 Timothy 2:2 . See CONTENT , ENOUGH , GOOD , GREAT , LARGE , LONG , MANY , MEET , MUCH , SECURITY , SUFFICIENT , WORTHY.

Note: Ischuros denotes "strong, mighty;" in an active sense, "might," in having inherent and moral power, e.g., Matthew 12:29 ; 1 Corinthians 4:10 ; Hebrews 6:18 .


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Ability, Able'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. http://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/a/ability-able.html. 1940.


Lectionary Calendar
Friday, September 22nd, 2017
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

 
Prev Entry
Abide, Abode
Next Entry
Aboard
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology