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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #01870 - דֶּרֶךְ
1) way, road, distance, journey, manner
1a) road, way, path
1d) manner, habit, way
1e) of course of life (figuratively)
1f) of moral character (figuratively)
V) krd (דרכ DRK) - Tread: To take a step. A journey as a treading. The stringing of a bow is a treading as the foot is stepped over the bow and using the leg to bend it. KJV (62): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Participle) tread, bend, lead, archer, come, go, treader, walk, draw, guide, shoot, thresh - Strongs: H1869 (דָּרַךְ)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
דֶּרֶךְ comm. (m. 1 Samuel 21:6 f. Ezra 8:21), with suffix דַּרְכִּי pl. דְּרָכִים const. דַּרְכֵי.
(1) prop. the action of going, walking, a going, hence a journey which any one takes, Gang, denjemand macht, als Handlung. עָשָׂה דֶרֶךְ ποιεῖσθαι ὁδὸν, Judges 17:8 הָלַךְ דֶּרֶךְ Proverbs 7:19, to go a journey. 1 Kings 18:27, דֶּרֶךְ לוֹ he is on a journey, or at least, he is from home, er hat einen Gang, ift ausgegangen. דֶּרֶךְ יוֹם one day’s journey (on which see Rosenm. Alterthumsk. i p. 161), 1 Kings 19:4, דֶּרֶךְ שִׁלשֶׁת יָמִים three days’ journey, Genesis 30:36, comp. Genesis 31:23; Exodus 5:3.
(2) a way, path, in which one goes, Gang = Weg, very frequently.
(a) followed by a genitive of place it means the way which leads to that place (comp. on the Attic use, Valck. ad Hippolyt. 1197), thus עֵץ דֶּרֶךְ the way to the tree, Genesis 3:24 דַּרְכֵי שְׁאֹל Proverbs 7:27, comp. Genesis 16:7, 35:19 38:14 Exodus 13:17, rarely, with any word put between, as Hosea 6:9, דֶּרֶךְ יְרַצּחוּ שֶׁכְמָה “they murder in the way to Shechem.” In the acc. it commonly has the force of a prep., in the way to, towards, Germ. gen (from gegen = nach der Gegend von). דֶּרֶח הַדָּרוֹם towards the south, דֶּרֶךְ צָפוֹנָה towards the north, Ezekiel 8:5, 21:2 40:20 seq.; 41:11, 12 Ezekiel 41:12. Deuteronomy 1:19, “we passed through the desert דֶּרֶךְ הַר הָאֱמֹרִי towards the mountain of the Amorites.”
(b) followed by a genit. of person, the way of any one is the way in which any one is accustomed to go. דֶּרֶךְ הַמֶּלֶךְ the royal way, i.e. the public, military way, Numbers 20:17, 21:22 ἡ ὁδὸς βασιληΐα, Herod. v. 53. הָלַךְ לְדַרְכּוֹ to go on one’s way, to go home [or on one’s journey] by the Usual road, Genesis 19:2, 32:2 Numbers 24:25; Joshua 2:16. דֶּרֶךְ כָּל־הָאָרֶץ the way of all men, i.e. to Hades, 1 Kings 2:2; Joshua 23:14.-Sometimes it means the whole district in which the way is. Isa. 8:23, דֶּרֶךְ הַיָּם “the maritime district,” on the shore of the sea of Galilee.
(3) way, i.q. mode, course, in which one goes, or which one follows (like the Gr. ὁδὸς, Arab. طَرِيقُ, سبِيلُ Eth. ፉና፡ ፉኖት፡ ግዕዝ፡ Germ. einen Gang nehmen). Genesis 19:31, כְּדֶרֶךְ כָּל־הָאָרֶץ “after the manner of all the earth.” Specially
(a) a way of living or acting (Wandel). Proverbs 12:15, דֶּרֶךְ אֱוִיל יָשָׁר בְּעֵינָיו “a fool’s way is right in his own eyes:” Proverbs 1:31, פְּרִי דַרְכָּם the advantages or disadvantages springing from a course of life. 1 Samuel 18:14, “and David acted prudently לְכָל־דְּרָכָיו.” Often with the figure of a way retained (comp. הָלַךְ No. 2, הָלַךְ בְּדֶרֶךְ, בְּדַרְכֵי פ׳ to follow, to imitate any one’s course of life, 1 Kings 16:26, 22:43 2 Kings 22:2; 2 Chronicles 17:3, 21:12 22:3 Isaiah 8:11. דַּרְכֵי יְהֹוָה, דֶּרֶךְ used of men, a course of acting approved by God, Psalms 5:9, 27:11 25:4 used of God, his course of acting, Psalms 18:31; Deuteronomy 32:4 specially with regard to the creation (das Wirken Gottes). Proverbs 8:22, יְהֹוָה קָנָנִי רֵאשִׁית דַּרְכּוֹ “Jehovah created me from the beginning of the creation,” zu Anfang feines Wirkens. [This passage cannot refer to creation, for it is said “before his works of old;” see also קָנָה; Christ, “the wisdom of God.” is spoken of; “Jehovah possessed me in the beginning of his ways.”] Pl. works of God, Job 26:14, 40:19.
(b) the mode of worshipping God, religion (comp. مَنْهَجُ, سَبِيلُ اُاللَّهِ, Pers. راه; ὁδὸς, Acts 19:9, 23 ). Amos 8:14, דֶּרֶךְ בְּאֵר־שֶׁבַע “the way of Beersheba,” i.e. the worship of idols there. Psalms 139:24, דֶּרֶךְ עֹצֶב “worship of idols,” and דֶּרֶךְ עוֹלָם [the old way] “the fathers’ worship,” i.e. the true and genuine worship; compare שְׁבִילֵיִ עוֹלָם Jeremiah 18:15. Sometimes
(c) it is passively lot, that which one experiences, wie es iemandem geht. בְּדֶרֶךְ מִצְרַיִם according to what the Egyptians have experienced, Isaiah 10:24. Psalms 37:5, גּוֹל עַל יְיָ דַּרְכֶּךָ “commit thy way unto the Lord;” and with the figure of a way retained, Job 3:23; Amos 2:7.
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