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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #114 - ἀθετέω

Transliteration
athetéō
Phonetics
ath-et-eh'-o  
Word Origin
from a compound of (1) (as a negative particle) and a derivative of (5087)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
8:158,1176
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to do away with, to set aside, disregard
  2. to thwart the efficacy of anything, nullify, make void, frustrate
  3. to reject, to refuse, to slight
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 559 ‑ אָמַר (aw‑mar');  898 ‑ בָּגַד (baw‑gad');  1245 ‑ בָּקַשׁ (baw‑kash');  2554 ‑ חָמַס (khaw‑mas');  4171 ‑ מוּר (moor);  4603 ‑ מָעַל (maw‑al');  4672 ‑ מָצָא (maw‑tsaw');  4775 ‑ מָרַד (maw‑rad');  5006 ‑ נָאַץ (naw‑ats');  5106 ‑ נוּא (noo);  5493 ‑ שׂוּר (soor, soor);  6586 ‑ פָּשַׁע (paw‑shah');  7725 ‑ שׁוּב (shoob);  8085 ‑ שָׁמַע (shaw‑mah');  8133 ‑ שְׁנָה (shen‑aw');  8138 ‑ שָׁנָה (shaw‑naw');  8266 ‑ שָׁקַר (shaw‑kar');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (16) NAS (16) HCS (16)
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 2
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
Jude 1
Mark 2
Luke 2
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 2
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
Jude 1
Mark 2
Luke 5
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 2
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
Jude 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAN 1
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-FAI-1S 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 4
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAN 1
V-FAI-1S 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 4
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAN 1
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-FAI-1S 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 4
V-PAP-NSM 4
NA WH
V-AAI-3P 1
V-FAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAN 1
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-FAI-1S 1
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 7
V-PAP-NSM 7


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

I

1. naught a treaty, promise, etc., πίστιν Plb. 8.36.5; θυσίαν LXX 1 Kings 2:17; διαθήκην Galatians 3:15; θεόν 1 Thessalonians 4:8; σύμφωνον OGI 444.18 (Ilium); deny, disprove, τἀληθές Phld. Rh. 1.5 S., cf. Sign. 37 (Pass.): Pass., to be struck off a register, PTeb. 74.29 (ii B. C.); to be rejected, of a petition, POxy. 1120.8 (iii A. D): Astrol., cancel, render ineffectual, Vett.Val. 115.3, cf. 105.8 (Pass.).

2. c.dat., refuse one's assent, τοῖς ὑπὸ Τιμαίου εἰρημένοις Plb. 12.14.6.

3. deal treacherously with, break faith with, τινά Plb. 9.36.10, LXX Isaiah 1:2, Mark 6:26; εἴς τινα LXX 1 Kings 12:19; ἐν Ἰσραήλ 2 Kings 1:1 : abs., IG 12(5).129 (Paros).

II Gramm., reject as spurious, D.H. Din. 9, D.L. 7.34, etc.

III abs., to be unsuitable, unfit, Diph. 1 D.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀθετέω, (ῶ; future ἀθετήσω; 1 aorist ἠθέτησα; a word met with first (yet very often) in the Sept. and Polybius;

a. properly, to render ἄθετον; do away with θετόν τί, i. e. something laid down, prescribed, established: διαθήκην, Galatians 3:15 (1 Macc. 11:36; 2 Macc. 13:25, etc.); according to the context, 'to act toward anything as though it were annulled'; hence, to deprive a law of force by opinions or acts opposed to it, to transgress it, Mark 7:9; Hebrews 10:28 (Ezekiel 22:26); πίστιν, to break one's promise or engagement, 1 Timothy 5:12; (Polybius 8, 2, 5; 11, 29, 3, others; Diodorus excerpt. (i. e.de virt. et vit.), p. 562, 67). Hence,

b. to thwart the efficacy of anything, nullify, make void?, frustrate: τήν βουλήν τοῦ Θεοῦ, Luke 7:30 (they rendered inefficacious the saving purpose of God); τήν συνέσω to render prudent plans of no effect, 1 Corinthians 1:19 (Isaiah 29:14 (where κρύψω, yet cf. Bos's note)).

c. to reject, refuse, slight; τήν χάριν τοῦ Θεοῦ, Galatians 2:21 (others refer this to b.); of persons: Mark 6:26 (by breaking the promise given her); Luke 10:16; John 12:48; 1 Thessalonians 4:8; Jude 1:8 (for which καταφρόνειν is used in the parallel passage 2 Peter 2:10). (For examples of the use of this word see Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀθετέω -

(<τίθημι ),

[in LXX for seventeen different words, H6586, H4775, H898, H4603, etc., often meaning, as 1 Samuel 13:3 (Heb., al.), to revolt; properly, to make ἄθετον , or do away with what has been laid down (v. DCG, i, 453 f.)].

1. to set aside, disregard (in Gramm., to reject as spurious): διαθήκην , Galatians 3:15; ἐντολήν , Mark 7:9; νόμον , Hebrews 10:28; πίστιν , 1 Timothy 5:12.

2. to nullify, make void: Luke 7:30 (v. Field, Notes, 59), 1 Corinthians 1:19, Galatians 2:21

3. to reject: Mark 6:26 (Field, op. cit., 30), Luke 10:16, John 12:48, 1 Thessalonians 4:8, Judges 1:8 (for exx. in Papyri, v. MM, VGT, s.v.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This verb, which is not approved by the Atticists (frequent in Polybius), occurs five times in the Pauline writings, always with reference to things, except 1 Thessalonians 4:8 ὁ ἀθετῶν οὐκ ἄνθρωπον ἀθετεῖ ἀλλὰ τὸν θεόν. In the LXX it represents no fewer than seventeen Hebrew originals. It appears in the new Median parchment of B.C. 22, P Saïd Khan 2a11. For its use in the papyri, cf. P Tebt I. 7459 (B.C. 114–3) ἐν τῆι ἠθετημένηι ἱερᾷ, BGU IV. 1123.11 (time of Augustus) ἀθετεῖν τῶν ὡμολογημένων, P Oxy IV. 808 (i/A.D.), ἠθέ [τισται ] of loans repaid and cancelled, ib. VIII. 11208 (iii/A.D.) ἐξείσχυσεν τὰ βιβλείδια ἀθετηθῆναι, ";procured the failure of the petition";; and in the inscriptions, OGIS 444.13 ἐὰν δέ τινες τῶν πόλεων ἀθετ [ῶσι ] τὸ σύμφωνον. This is fairly near the meaning suggested from the LXX in Mark 6:26, ";break faith with her,"; by Abbott Joh. Voc. p. 322 : see also Field Notes, p. 30. The adjective is found in P Amh II. 6412 f. (A.D. 107) where certain officials are described as ]θέτους. . . κ [αὶ ] μὴ α ̣̓ναλογο ̣ῦντας τὴν ἐ [π ]ιμέλειαν, ";inefficient and incapable of doing their duties"; (Edd.) : cf. P Lond 23723 (c. A.D. 346) = (II. p. 291) τὸν ἐν ἀθέτ ̣ῳ σιτόκριθον, with reference to corn (wheat and barley) rejected by the inspector as unfit for food.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αθετει αθετεί άθετει ἀθετεῖ αθετειτε αθετείτε ἀθετεῖτε αθετηθή αθετήματα αθετησαι αθετήσαι ἀθετῆσαι αθετησας αθετήσας ἀθετήσας αθετήσει αθετήσεις αθετησω αθετήσω ἀθετήσω αθετήσωσι αθετούντες αθετούντων αθετούσι αθετουσιν αθετούσιν ἀθετοῦσιν αθετω αθετώ ἀθετῶ αθετων αθετών άθετων ἀθετῶν ηθετήκασιν ηθετημένην ηθετησαν ηθέτησαν ηθέτησάν ἠθέτησαν ηθέτησας ηθέτησε ηθέτησεν ηθέτουν athetei atheteî atheteite atheteîte athetesai athetêsai athetēsai athetē̂sai athetesas athetēsas athetḗsas atheteso athetēsō athetḗso athetḗsō atheto athetô athetō athetō̂ atheton athetôn athetōn athetō̂n athetousin athetoûsin ethetesan ethétesan ēthetēsan ēthétēsan
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, October 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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