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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4369 - προστίθημι

Transliteration
prostíthēmi
Phonetics
pros-tith'-ay-mee  
Word Origin
from (4314) and (5087)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
8:167,1176
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to put to
  2. to add
    1. i.e. to join to, gather with any company, the number of one's followers or companions
      1. he was gathered to his fathers i.e. died
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 622 ‑ אָסַף (aw‑saf');  1692 ‑ דָּבַק (daw‑bak');  2270 ‑ חָבֵר (khaw‑bare');  3254 ‑ יָסַף (yaw‑saf');  3867 ‑ לָוָה (law‑vaw');  5307 ‑ נָפַל (naw‑fal');  5414 ‑ נָתַן (naw‑than');  5595 ‑ סָפָה (saw‑faw');  5596 ‑ שָׂפַח (saw‑fakh', saw‑fakh');  6186 ‑ עָרַךְ (aw‑rak');  7235 ‑ רָבָה (raw‑baw');  7725 ‑ שׁוּב (shoob);  7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  7896 ‑ שִׁית (sheeth);  8138 ‑ שָׁנָה (shaw‑naw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (18) NAS (18) HCS (18)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 7
Acts 6
Galatians 1
Hebrews 1
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 7
Acts 6
Galatians 1
Hebrews 1
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 7
Acts 6
Galatians 1
Hebrews 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-2AAM-2S 1
V-2AAN 3
V-2AAP-NSM 1
V-2AMI-3S 3
V-2APN 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-API-3P 1
V-API-3S 3
V-APN 1
V-FPI-3S 3
V-IAI-3S 1
V-IPI-3P 1
V-2AAM-2S 1
V-2AAN 2
V-2AAP-NSM 1
V-2AMI-3S 3
V-API-3P 1
V-API-3S 3
V-APN 1
V-FPI-3S 3
V-IAI-3S 1
V-IPI-3P 1
V-2AAM-2S 1
V-2AAN 2
V-2AAP-NSM 1
V-2AMI-3S 3
V-AAI-3S 1
V-API-3P 1
V-API-3S 3
V-APN 1
V-FPI-3S 3
V-IAI-3S 1
V-IPI-3P 1
NA WH
V-2AAM-2S 1
V-2AAN 2
V-2AAP-NSM 1
V-2AMI-3S 3
V-AAI-3S 1
V-API-3P 1
V-API-3S 3
V-APN 1
V-FPI-3S 3
V-IAI-3S 1
V-IPI-3P 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

προστίθημι, Dor. ποτι-, also aor. inf. ποιθέμεν IG 42(1).121.17 (Epid.); ποτθέμειν prob. in Epich. 170.8: late pres. προστιθῶ Ps.- Luc. Philopatr. 18,27; imper. προστίθει A. Pr. 83: fut. προσθήσω: aor. προσέθηκα, pl. -έθεμεν, subj. προσθῶ Th. 4.86, Ion. προσθέω Hdt. 1.108: Med., fut. προσθήσομαι LXX Exodus 14:13 : aor. 1 προσεθηκάμην Hdt. 4.65: more freq. aor. 2 προσεθέμην, subj. προσθῶμαι (not πρόσθωμαι ), 3 sg. opt. προσθεῖτο D. 6.12, but πρόσθοιτο Id. 11.6; Dor. part. ποτθέμενος, Πρακτικά 1931.89 ( Dodona ): pf. -τέθειμαι LXX De. 23.15: Pass., aor. 1 προσετέθην Th. 3.82: fut. -τεθήσομαι LXX Numbers 27:13, al. ( -τεθήσεσθαι is f.l. ib. Exodus 5:7 ): but the pf. Pass. is chiefly supplied by πρόσκειμαι: — put to, χερσὶν ἀπώσασθαι λίθον ὃν προσέθηκεν Od. 9.305; π. τὰς θύρας, τὴν θύραν, put to, close the door, Hdt. 3.78, Lys. 1.13; τὰς πύλας Th. 4.67; κλίμακας [τοῖς πύργοις ] Id. 3.23; κόμῃ προσθεῖσα βόστρυχον holding it close to . ., A. Ch. 229; χέρα ἐλάτῃ E. Ba. 1110; γόνασιν ὠλένας Id. Andr. 895, cf. S. Ph. 942; τοῖς καλλίστοις τοῦ ζῴου τὰ κάλλιστα φάρμακα Pl. R. 420c; π. μύωπας apply the spur, Plb. 11.18.4; π. χεῖρ' ἐπὶ πρόσωπα E. Ph. 1699; apply a pessary, Hp. Nat.Mul. 32, Sor. 1.62, al.; [ κύαθον ] Arist. Pr. 890b24: Pass., of pessaries, Dsc. 1.76, al., Sor. 1.35, al.

2. hand over, deliver to, θεῶν γέρα . . ἐφημέροισι προστίθει A. Pr. 83, cf. h.Merc. 129; τινὶ γυναῖκα π . give her to him as wife, Hdt. 6.126; but π. γυναικὶ τάλαντον, as a dower, Hyp. Lyc. 13; π. τινὰ ἄλλῳ πατρί E. Ion 1545; Ἅιδῃ ἐμὸν δέμας Id. Hec. 368, cf. IA 540; π. τινὰ πυρί Id. Supp. 948; σφαγέντα παῖδα π. πόλει Id. Ph. 964; τισὶ π. πόλιν Th. 4.86; τὴν διοίκησιν τῶν κοινῶν ἑαυτῷ D.C. 52.14; also νᾶσον εὐκλέϊ π. λόγῳ Pi. N. 3.68 .

3. give besides or also, φερνάς E. Hipp. 628; προῖκα D. 19.195; χρήματα Id. 18.239, etc.; πίστιν ὑμῖν Id. 54.42; τὰ ἴδια τοῖς ἀλλοτρίοις Men. 557: abs., spend money, οὐ μόνον ἄνευ μισθοῦ, ἀλλὰ καὶ προστιθεὶς ἂν ἡδέως Pl. Euthphr. 3d, cf. Arist. EN 1130a25, Iamb. Protr. 9 .

II impose upon, πρῆγμα τὸ ἄν τοι προσθέω Hdt. 1.108, cf. 3.62: c. inf., π. τινὶ πρήσσειν Id. 5.30; π. μέτρον impose measure or bounds, A. Ch. 796 (lyr.); π. τινὶ ἀτιμίην impose, inflict disgrace upon him, Hdt. 7.11; π. [φθόρον ] A. Ch. 482; ἐπ' ἐμαυτῷ ἀράς S. OT 820; ὄκνον Id. Ant. 243; αύτὸς αὑτῷ τὴν βλάβην Id. Fr. 350; λύπην, πόνους, E. Supp. 946, Heracl. 505; ἀναλώματα IG 14.830.12 (Puteoli, ii A.D., Pass. ); π. τινὶ ἔκπληξιν ἀφασίαν τε strike him dumb with fear, E. Hel. 549; ἐνθύμιον τοῖς ζῶσι Antipho 3.1.2; τισὶ ζημίας Th. 3.39; π. φιλανθρωπίαν εἰς τὰ τῆς πόλεως πράγματα employ it on . ., D. 19.140 .

2. attribute or impute to, τῷ θεῷ τὴν αἰτίαν E. Ion 1525, cf. Th. 3.39 ( Pass. ); π. θράσος μοι impute boldness to me, E. Heracl. 475; θεοῖσι π. ἀμαθίαν Id. Hipp. 951; ἀπληστίαν λέχους γυναιξί Id. Andr. 219; τὸ ἐμπλήκτως ὀξὺ ἀνδρὸς μοίρᾳ προσετέθη Th. 3.82 .

III add, τάδε τούτοισι Hdt. 1.20, al.; πρὸς [τῇ γνώμῃ] ἔργα Id. 4.139; ἄλλον πρὸς ὦν ἔθηκαν χρυσόν ib. 196; χάριτι χάριν E. HF 327; νοσοῦντι νόσον Id. Alc. 1048; π. τῷ νόμῳ τὸν λόγον τόνδε Th. 2.35, cf. Hdt. 2.136 ( Pass. ), Pl. R. 468b; προσθεῖναι τῷ δικαίῳ ἢ ὡς ἐλέγομεν (for πλέον ἤ . . ) ib. 335a; ἄγγελλε δ' ὅρκον π . S. El. 47 (Reiske for ὅρκῳ codd., cf. ὅρκου προστεθέντος Fr. 472; ὀμόσας . . προσθείς τε χεῖρα δεξιάν Ph. 942 ); τὴν στήλην ὕστερον προσέθηκε IG 12.374.174; τοῖς εὖ ἔχουσιν ἔργοις οὔτ' ἀφελεῖν ἔστιν οὔτε προσθεῖναι Arist. EN 1106b11; ἐάν τι ἀφέλωμεν ἢ προσθῶμεν ἢ μεταθῶμεν Pl. Cra. 432a; π. γράμματα ib. 418a, cf. 431c; also π. ἐπὶ τοῖσδε χάριν S. Tr. 1253; ἵππον πρὸς τοὔνομα Ar. Nu. 63; πρὸς τὸν μισθὸν ἑκάστῳ ὀβολόν X. HG 1.5.6, cf. Pl. Phlb. 33c: abs., make additions, Th. 3.45; πρὸς τὰ ὑπάρχοντα -τιθέντες πλουσιώτεροι γίνονται Arist. Rh. 1359b28; make additions to a story, improve it, Id. Po. 1460a18; also of actors, ib. 1461b30: esp. of adding articles to statements or documents, προσθεῖναι οὐδὲν εἶχον τοῖς εἰρημένοις οὐδ' ἀφελεῖν Isoc. 12.264, cf. POxy. 1062.4 (ii A.D.), etc.; π. καὶ ἀφελεῖν τι περὶ τῆς ξυμμαχίας Foed. ap. Th. 5.23, cf. 29; π. τὶ πρὸς τοῖς ξυγκειμένοις Foed.ib. 47; πρὸς τὰς συνθήκας Foed. ap. Plb. 21.43.27; π. ὅτι . . D. 18.231; of entries in accounts, προσετέθη τὰ τέλη τῷ κυριακῷ λόγῳ PAmh. 77.15 (ii A.D.), cf. BGU 620.15 (iv A.D.), etc.; π. τινὶ [ἀργύριον ] pay, PMich.Zen. 28.24 (iii B.C.), cf. PCair.Zen. 647.56 (iii B.C.), PRyl. 153.27 (ii A.D.); πρόσθες εἰς ὄνομα Ἐπωνύχου credit to account of E., Ostr. 1159 (ii/iii A.D.); pay in, deposit gold in a bank or mint, PCair.Zen. 23.32 (iii B.C.) .

2. c. acc. pers., τίνα τῇδε προστιθῶ στάσει; A. Ch. 114; Ἀθηναίοις π. σφᾶς αὐτούς join their party, Th. 3.92; π. ἑαυτόν τινι ἐς πίστιν, ἐπὶ ἰδίοις κέρδεσι, Id. 8.46, 50 .

3. Math., add, πὸτ ἀριθμόν . . φᾶφον Epich. 170.8 (prob.); [ χωρίον] ἕτερον αὐτῷ τουτὶ ἴσον Pl. Men. 84d; πρὸς πεπερασμένον ἀεὶ π . Arist. Ph. 266b2: Pass., εἴ κα . . ποτὶ τὸ ἕτερον τῶν βαρέων ποτιτεθῇ, . . ῥέπειν ἐπὶ τὸ βάρος ἐκεῖνο ᾧ ποτετέθη Archim. Aequil. 1 Def. 2, cf. Euc. 1 Ax. 2, etc.; κοινοῦ -τεθέντος Papp. 742.15 .

4. in Logic, add some determining word, opp. ἀφαιρεῖν, Arist. APo. 91b27, cf. EN 1147b33 .

5. in LXX and NT, continue or repeat an action, c. inf., προσέθηκεν ἔτι λαλῆσαι LXX Genesis 18:29; οὐ προσθήσω ἔτι πατάξαι ib. 8.21; οὐ μὴ προσθῶ πεῖν I will not drink again, Mark 14:25 (v.l.); also προσθεὶς Ἰὼβ εἶπεν Job continued and said, LXX Job 27:1; προσθεὶς εἶπε παραβολήν Ev.Luke 19:11; προσθεῖσα ἔτεκεν υἱόν she bore another son, LXX Genesis 38:5 :

also in Med., v. infr. B. 111. Med., side with one, οἷς ἂν σὺ προσθῇ S. OC 1332, cf. Th. 3.11, 8.48, 87, D. 6.12, 11.6, 52.25; τῷ ἀστῷ π . to be favourable, wellinclined to him, Hdt. 2.160, cf. D. 43.34; τῇ ἡδονῇ side with pleasure, Arist. MM 1201a2: abs., come in, submit, Epist. Phil. ap. D. 18.39 .

2. assent, agree, οὔ οἱ ἔγωγε π. τῇ γνώμῃ Hdt. 1.109, cf. 3.83, Th. 6.50, X. An. 1.6.10; τῷ λόγῳ τῷ λεχθέντι Hdt. 2.120; τῷ Καρχηδονίων νόμῳ Pl. Lg. 674a: later c. inf., consent, bring onself to, J. AJ 19.1.8 .

3. φῆφον δ' Ὀρέστῃ τήνδ' ἐγὼ προσθήσομαι will deposit this vote in favour of Orestes, i.e. will vote in his favour, A. Eu. 735; ἡμῖν ἂν προσθέμενοι τὴν φῆφον εὐορκοίητε D. 57.69; so μὴ μιᾷ φήφῳ π . (sc. τὴν γνώμην ), ἀλλὰ δυοῖν Th. 1.20; φῆφον π. ἐναντίαν τινί ib. 40; φῆφον π. ὥστε ἀποκτεῖναι OGI 218.102 (Ilium, iii B.C. ).

4. Math., add, Sammelb. 6951 ii 30, al. (ii A.D.) .

II c. acc. pers., associate with oneself, i.e. take to one as a friend, ally, or helper, win over, π. τὸν δῆμον πρὸς τὴν ἑωυτοῦ μοῖραν Hdt. 5.69, cf. Th. 6.18; εἰ στρατὸν προσθέοιτο φίλον Hdt. 1.53, cf. 69, S. OC 404; ταύτην προσθοῦ δάμαρτα take her to wife, Id. Tr. 1224: also in bad sense, πολέμιον π. τινά X. Cyr. 2.4.12 .

2. c. acc. rei, apply to oneself, βάλανον Hp. Epid. 1.26 .a', cf. 4.30 (abs., ib. 1.26 . δ' ) ; ὀξύβαφον προσθοῦ λαβών Ar. Av. 361; πατρὸς στέρνα προσθέσθαι θέλω E. HF 1408: metaph., put on, τῇ ὄφει ἀχθηδόνας Th. 2.37; add to oneself, gain, τί ἂν προσθείμην πλέον; what should I be profited? S. Ant. 40; π. χάριν, = ἐπιχαρίζεσθαι, Id. OC 767; esp. of evils, bring or take upon onself, πρὸς κακοῖσι κακόν A. Pers. 531; μέριμναν S. OT 1460; κακά E. Heracl. 146; ἄχθος ἐπ' ἄχθει π. διπλοῦν Id. Andr. 396; οἰκεῖον πόνον, κινδύνους αὐθαιρέτους, Th. 1.78, 144; ἔχθρας ἑκουσίους πρὸς ταῖς ἀναγκαίαις π . Pl. Prt. 346b . bring upon others, οἱ . . πόλεμον προσεθήκαντο made war upon him, Hdt. 4.65; οὐκ ἄν σφι Σπαρτιήτας μῆνιν οὐδεμίαν προσθέσθαι vented any wrath upon . ., Id. 7.229 .

III in LXX and NT, continue or repeat an action (cf. supr. A. 111.5), οὐ προσθήσεσθε ἔτι ἰδεῖν αὐτούς LXX Exodus 14:13; προσέθετο πέμφαι ἕτερον Ev. Luke 20:11; προσέθετο συλλαβεῖν καὶ Πέτρον he caused Peter also to be arrested, Acts 12:3; also Φαραὼ προσέθετο τοῦ ἁμαρτάνειν LXX Exodus 9:34; οὐ προσέθετο τοῦ ἐπιστρέψαι ib. Genesis 8:12 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

προστίθημι: imperfect 3 person singular προσετίθει (Acts 2:47); 1 aorist προσέθηκα; 2 aorist προσεθην, imperative πρόσθες (Luke 17:5), infinitive προσθεῖναι, participle προσθείς; passive, imperfect 3 person plural προσετίθεντο; 1 aorist προσετέθην; 1 future προστεθήσομαι; 2 aorist middle προσεθεμην; from Homer, Odyssey 9, 305 down; the Sept. very often for יָסַף, also for אָסַף, etc.;

1. properly, to put to.

2. to add, i. e. join to, gather with any company, the number of one's followers or companions: τινα τῇ ἐκκλησία, Acts 2:47 (R G); τῷ κυρίῳ, Acts 5:14; Acts 11:24; namely, τῷ κυρίῳ, or τοῖς πιστεύουσιν, Acts 2:41; Hebraistically, προσετέθη πρός τούς πατέρας αὐτοῦ (Judges 2:10; 1 Macc. 2:69), he was gathered to his fathers assembled in Sheol (which is לְכָל־חָי מועֵד בֵּית, the house of assembly for all the living, Job 30:23), Acts 13:36 (others explain it, he was added to the bodies cf his ancestors, buried with them in a common tomb; but cf. Knobel on Genesis 25:8; (Böttcher, De inferis, p. 54ff)); equivalent to to add viz. to what one already possesses: τί, Luke 17:5 (A. V. here increase); passive, Matthew 6:33; Luke 12:31; Mark 4:24; Hebrews 12:19 ((μή προστεθῆναι αὐτοῖς λόγον, R. V. that no word more should be spoken to them)); — to what already exists: ( νόμος) προσετέθη, was added to (supervened upon) namely, the ἐπαγγελία, Galatians 3:19 R L T Tr WH; τί ἐπί τίνι, some thing to (upon) a thing (which has preceded (cf. ἐπί, B. 2 d.)), Luke 3:20; τί ἐπί τί, to a thing that it may thereby be increased, Matthew 6:27; Luke 12:25. In imitation of the Hebrew (יָסַף) the middle (in the Sept. the active also) followed by an infinitive signifies (to add, i. e.) to go on to do a thing, for to do further, do again (as Genesis 4:2; Genesis 8:12; Genesis 18:29): προσέθετο πέμψαι (לִשְׁלֹחַ וַיֹסֶף), he continued to send (as be had already sent), Luke 20:11, 12 (equivalent to πάλιν ἀπέστειλεν, Mark 12:4); προσέθετο συλλαβεῖν καί Πέτρον, be besides apprehended Peter also (A. V. he proceeded etc.), Acts 12:3; in the same way also the participle is used with a finite verb: προσθείς εἶπεν, i. e. he further spake (A. V. he added and spake), Luke 19:11 (προσθεῖσα ἔτεκεν, Genesis 38:5; προσθέμενος ἔλαβε γυναῖκα, Genesis 25:1); cf. Winers Grammar, § 54, 5; Buttmann, § 144, 14.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

προσ -τίθημι ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3254 hi., also for H622 ni., etc.;]

1. to put to.

2. to add, join to, give in addition: c. acc seq. ἐπί , Matthew 6:27, Luke 3:20; Luke 12:25; ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτό , Acts 2:47; c. acc et dat., Luke 17:5, Hebrews 12:19 (v. MM, xxi); pass., absol., Acts 2:41, Galatians 3:19; c. dat., Matthew 6:33, Mark 4:24, Luke 12:31, Acts 5:14; Acts 11:24; προσιτέθη πρὸς τ . πατέρας (cf. Genesis 26:8, Judges 2:10, al.), Acts 13:36; c. inf., of repeating or continuing the action signified by the following verb, as in Heb. idiom (Genesis 4:2; Genesis 8:12, al.; cf. WM, § 54, 5; Lft. on Clem., 1Co., xii; but v. also M, Pr., 67, 233; Deiss., BS, 67.1; MM, xxi), Luke 20:11, Acts 12:3; similarly ptcp., προσ -θείς , c. indic. (Genesis 38:5, al.), Luke 19:11.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
προσέθεντο προσεθετο προσέθετο προσέθηκα προσέθηκαν προσέθηκας προσέθηκε προσέθηκέ προσεθηκεν προσέθηκεν προσετεθη προσετέθη προσετέθην προσετέθης προσετεθησαν προσετέθησαν προσετιθει προσετίθει προσετιθεντο προσετίθεντο προσθείη προσθείησαν προσθειναι προσθείναι προσθεῖναι προσθεις προσθείς προσθεὶς προσθείσα προσθέμενος Προσθες Πρόσθες προσθέτω προσθή προσθής προσθήσει προσθήσεις προσθήσεσθε προσθήσετε προσθήση προσθήσομεν προσθήσουσι προσθήσουσί προσθήσουσιν προσθήσω προσθώ προσθώμεν προσθώσι προσθώσιν προστεθείη προστεθείκαμεν προστέθεικας προστεθείς προστέθειταί προστεθή προστεθηναι προστεθήναι προστεθῆναι προστεθήσεσθε προστεθησεται προστεθήσεται προστεθήσεταί προστεθήση προστεθήσομαι προστεθήσονται προστεθήτε προστέθητι προστεθήτω προστεθήτωσάν προστιθείς προστίθεμαι προστιθέντες προστίθετε προστίθημι προστίθημί προστίθησι προστίθησιν prosetethe prosetethē prosetéthe prosetéthē prosetethesan prosetethēsan prosetéthesan prosetéthēsan prosetheken prosethēken prosétheken proséthēken prosetheto prosétheto prosetithei prosetíthei prosetithento prosetíthento prostethenai prostethênai prostethēnai prostethē̂nai prostethesetai prostethēsetai prostethḗsetai prostheinai prostheînai prostheis prostheìs Prosthes Prósthes
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