Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #07843 - שָׁחַת
1) to destroy, corrupt, go to ruin, decay
1a) (Niphal) to be marred, be spoiled, be corrupted, be corrupt, be injured, be ruined, be rotted
1b1) to spoil, ruin
1b2) to pervert, corrupt, deal corruptly (morally)
1c1) to spoil, ruin, destroy
1c2) to pervert, corrupt (morally)
1c3) destroyer (participle)
1d) (Hophal) spoiled, ruined (participle)
V) ths (סהההת ShHhT) - Corrupt: To destroy. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (150): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Piel, Participle) destroy, corrupt, mar, destroyer, corrupter, waster, spoiler, batter, corruptly, fault - Strongs: H7843 (שָׁחַת), H7844 (שְׁחַת)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שָׁחַת not used in Kal. Arabic ساحت to destroy.
(1) trans., to destroy, to ruin, either by laying waste, as a country, a region, a field, Genesis 9:11, 19:13 Joshua 22:33; 2 Samuel 24:16; Jeremiah 12:10, or by pulling down, as walls, a city, Genesis 13:10; Ezekiel 26:4 or by wounding, Exodus 21:26 or by killing, both individuals, 2 Samuel 1:14, and whole peoples, Genesis 6:17, 9:15 Numbers 32:15; Isaiah 14:20. Metaph., Amos 1:11, שִׁחַת רַחֲמָיו “he destroyed (i.e. suppressed) his mercy.” Ezekiel 28:17, שִׁחַתָּ חָכְמָֽתְךָ עַל־יִפְעָתֶךָ “thou hast destroyed thy wisdom, because of thy beauty;” thou art so taken with the latter, that thou hast neglected the former.
(2) to act wickedly, for the more full שִׁחֵת דְּרָכָיו Exodus 32:7; Deuteronomy 9:12, 32:5. Comp. Hiph. No. 2.
(1) i.q. Piel No. 1, to destroy, either by laying waste and destroying, as a land, a kingdom, Jeremiah 36:29, 51:20 a city, Genesis 19:14; 2 Kings 18:25 or by killing, as a man, 1 Samuel 26:15 enemies, 2 Samuel 11:1 or by harming in any manner whatever, Proverbs 11:9. הַמַּלְאָךְ הַמַּשְׁחִית the destroying angel, 2 Samuel 24:16 and simply הַמַּשְׁחִית Exodus 12:23, is the angel of God who inflicts calamities and death upon men. אַל תַּשְׁחֵת (destroy not) in the titles of Psa 57:1-11, 58, 59, 75, seems to be the beginning of a song, to the tune of which those Psalms were to be sung.
(2) הִשְׁחִית דַּרְכּוֹ Genesis 6:12 הִ׳ עֲלִילוֹת Zephaniah 3:7 to act wickedly, and without the acc. id., Deuteronomy 4:16, 31:29 Judges 2:19; Isaiah 1:4. Compare הֵרֵעַ. In the words אִישׁ מַשְׁחִית Proverbs 28:24, and בַּעַל מַשְׁחִית Proverbs 18:9, מ׳ appears to be a subst. (see מַשְׁחִית No. 1 ), a man of destruction, i.e. in chap. 28, act., a destroyer, a waster; but in chap. 18, pass., one who brings destruction on himself, one who wastes his own goods, a prodigal.
Hophal הָשְׁחַת to be corrupted, Proverbs 25:26; Malachi 1:14.
(1) to be corrupted, e.g. by putridity, Jeremiah 13:7 in a moral sense, Genesis 6:11, 12.
(2) to be laid waste, Exodus 8:20.
Derivatives, מַשְׁחִית, מִשְׁחָת, מַשְׁחֵת, מָשְׁחָת.