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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Prove

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A — 1: δοκιμάζω

(Strong's #1381 — Verb — dokimazo — dok-im-ad'-zo )

"to test, prove," with the expectation of approving, is translated "to prove" in Luke 14:19; Romans 12:2; 1 Corinthians 3:13 , RV (AV, "shall try"); 11:28, RV (AV, "examine"); 2 Corinthians 8:8,22; 13:5; Galatians 6:4; Ephesians 5:10; 1 Thessalonians 2:4 (2nd part), RV (AV, "trieth"); 5:21; 1 Timothy 3:10; in some mss. Hebrews 3:9 (the most authentic have the noun dokimasia, "a proving"); 1 Peter 1:7 , RV (AV, "tried"); 1 John 4:1 , RV (AV, "try"). See APPROVE.

A — 2: ἀποδείκνυμι

(Strong's #584 — Verb — apodeiknumi — ap-od-ike'-noo-mee )

"to show forth," signifies "to prove" in Acts 25:7 . See APPROVE , No. 3.

A — 3: παρίστανω

(Strong's #3936 — Verb — paristemi — par-is'-tay-mee, par-is-tan'-o )

"to present," signifies "to prove" in Acts 24:13 . See COMMEND , No. 4.

A — 4: πειράζω

(Strong's #3985 — Verb — peirazo — pi-rad'-zo )

"to try," either in the sense of attempting, e.g., Acts 16:7 , or of testing, is rendered "to prove" in John 6:6 . See EXAMINE , TEMPT.

A — 5: συμβιβάζω

(Strong's #4822 — Verb — sumbibazo — soom-bib-ad'-zo )

"to join together," signifies "to prove" in Acts 9:22 . See COMPACTED , No. 2.

A — 6: συνίστημι

(Strong's #4921 — Verb — sunistemi | sunistano — soon-is-tah'-o, soon-is-tah'-an'-o, soon-is-tah'-ay-mee )

"to commend, to prove," is translated "I prove (myself a transgressor)" in Galatians 2:18 (AV, "I make"). See COMMEND.

B — 1: πειρασμός

(Strong's #3986 — Noun Masculine — peirasmos — pi-ras-mos' )

(a) "a trying, testing," (b) "a temptation," is used in sense (a) in 1 Peter 4:12 , with the preposition pros, "towards" or "with a view to," RV, "to prove" (AV, "to try"), lit., "for a testing." See TEMPTATION.

Notes: (1) In Luke 10:36 , RV, ginomai, "to become, come to be," is translated "proved (neighbor)," AV, "was...;" so in Hebrews 2:2 . (2) In Romans 3:9 , AV, proatitiaomai, "to accuse beforehand," is translated "we have before proved" (marg., "charged"); for the RV, see CHARGE , C, No. 9.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Prove'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/p/prove.html. 1940.

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