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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2007 - ἐπιτίθημι

Transliteration
epitíthēmi
Phonetics
ep-ee-tith'-ay-mee
Origin
from (G1909) and (G5087)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
8:159,1176
Definition
Thayer's
  1. in the active voice
    1. to put or lay upon
    2. to add to
  2. in the middle voice
    1. to have put on, bid to be laid on
    2. to lay or throw one's self upon
    3. to attack one, to make an assault on one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 247 ‑ אָזַר (aw‑zar');  935 ‑ בּוֹא (bo);  1481 ‑ גּוּר (goor);  2102 ‑ זוּד (zood, zeed);  2161 ‑ זָמַם (zaw‑mam');  3034 ‑ יָדָה (yaw‑daw');  3332 ‑ יָצַק (yaw‑tsak');  3369 ‑ יָקַשׁ (yaw‑koshe');  3947 ‑ לָקַח (law‑kakh');  5108 ‑ נוֹב (nobe, nabe);  5117 ‑ נוּחַ (noo'‑akh);  5130 ‑ נוּף (noof);  5234 ‑ נָכַר (naw‑kar');  5307 ‑ נָפַל (naw‑fal');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  5414 ‑ נָתַן (naw‑than');  5437 ‑ סָבַב (saw‑bab');  5564 ‑ סָמַךְ (saw‑mak');  5689 ‑ עָגַב (aw‑gab');  5927 ‑ עָלָה (aw‑law');  6006 ‑ עָמַשׂ (aw‑mas', aw‑mas');  6186 ‑ עָרַךְ (aw‑rak');  6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');  6485 ‑ פָּקַד (paw‑kad');  6584 ‑ פָּשַׁט (paw‑shat');  6999 ‑ קָטַר (kaw‑tar');  7194 ‑ קָשַׁר (kaw‑shar');  7311 ‑ רָמַם (room);  7392 ‑ רָכַב (raw‑kab');  7401 ‑ רָכַךְ (raw‑kak');  7737 ‑ שָׁוָה (shaw‑vaw');  7751 ‑ שׁוּט (shoot);  7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  7843 ‑ שָׁחַת (shaw‑khath');  7896 ‑ שִׁית (sheeth);  7971 ‑ שָׁלַח (shaw‑lakh');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (54)
Matthew
9
Mark
9
Luke
9
John
2
Acts
20
1 Timothy
2
Revelation
3
NAS (40)
Matthew
7
Mark
8
Luke
4
John
4
Acts
14
1 Timothy
1
Revelation
2
HCS (38)
Matthew
6
Mark
8
Luke
5
John
2
Acts
14
1 Timothy
1
Revelation
2
BSB (39)
Matthew
7
Mark
8
Luke
5
John
2
Acts
14
1 Timothy
1
Revelation
2
ESV (40)
Matthew
7
Mark
8
Luke
5
John
2
Acts
14
1 Timothy
1
Revelation
3
WEB (45)
Matthew
6
Mark
10
Luke
7
John
3
Acts
14
1 Timothy
2
Revelation
3
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπιτίθημι,

I

1. Pass. mostly furnished by ἐπίκειμαι: Act., lay, put or place upon, of offerings laid on the altar, ἐπὶ μηρία θέντες Ἀπόλλωνι Od. 21.267, cf. 3.179; λιβανωτόν Ar. Nu. 426, V. 96, Antipho 1.18; set meats on the table, εἴδατα πόλλ' ἐπιθεῖσα Od. 1.140, cf. 10.355; πάντ' ἐπιθεῖτε on the car, Il. 24.264; [νέκυας] ἐπὶ νηυσὶ τιθέντες Od. 24.419; τινὶ κύρτον καὶ κώπαν, as a grave-monument, AP 7.505 (= Sapph. 120): Constr. mostly ἐ. τινί τι, τῷ ἰσχυροτέρῳ πλέον βάρος X. Oec. 17.9, etc.: but also c.gen., ἐ. λεχέων τινά Il. 24.589; ἐ. τι ἐπί τινος Hdt. 2.121. δ'; κεφαλὴν ἐπὶ στέρνα τινός X. Cyr. 7.3.14: c. acc. only, put upon, set up, ἐ. φάρμακα apply salves, Il. 4.190; δέελον δ' ἐπὶ σῆμά τ' ἔθηκε 10.466; στήλην λίθου Hdt. 7.183; φάκελον ξύλων E. Cyc. 243; ἐ. μνημεῖά τινι to him, Id. IT 702, cf. IG 14.446 (Tauromenium), 12.1068.

2. set upon, turn towards, Ἑκτορέοις ἐπὶ φρένα θῆχ' ἱεροῖσιν Il. 10.46; but τῇ δ' ἄρ' ἐπὶ φρεσὶ θῆκε c. inf., put it into her mind to.., Od. 21.1.

II

1. put on a covering or lid, ὡς εἴ τε φαρέτρῃ πῶμ' ἐπιθείη 9.314; κεφαλῇ ἐπέθηκε (as v.l. for ἐφύπερθἐ καλύπτρην 5.232; λίθον δ' ἐπέθηκε θύρῃσι, i.e. put a stone as a door to the cave, put it before the door, 13.370; also, put a door to, κολλητὰς ἐπέθηκα θύρας 23.194; θύρας ἐπέθηκε φαεινάς 21.45; θυρεὸν μέγαν 9.240 (v. infr. B. 11).

2. set a seal on, BGU 361 iii 22 (ii A.D.); apply a pessary, Hp. Steril. 214 (Pass.); a cupping instrument, Sor. 2.11 (Pass.).

III

1. put to, add, grant or give besides, ὅσσα τε νῦν ὔμμ' ἐστὶ καὶ εἴ ποθεν ἄλλ' ἐπιθεῖτε Od. 22.62, cf. Il. 7.364, etc.; κράτος, κῦδός τινι, 1.509 (tm.), 23.400 (tm.), 406 (tm.); ἡμιτάλαντον χρυσοῦ ib. 796.

2. of Time, add, bring on, ἕβδομον ἦμαρ ἐπὶ Ζεὺς θῆκε Od. 12.399; μάλα πολλὰ [ἔτεα] Hes. Op. 697. put on as a finish, χρυσέην ἐπέθηκε κορώνην Il. 4.111; περόνην Od. 19.256: metaph., οὐδὲ τέλος μύθῳ ἐπιθήσεις add fulfilment, Il. 19.107, cf. 20.369; so later ἐ. κεφάλαἰ ἐφ' ἅπασι D. 21.18; κολοφῶνα ἐ. τῇ σοφίᾳ Pl. Euthd. 301e; τέλος ἐπιτεθήκατον ib. 272a; πέρας ἐ. τῇ γενέσει Arist. GA 776a4; πίστιν ἐ. D. 12.22, 49.42; ὁ δὲ μισθωσάμενος πίστιν ἐπιθήσει πρὸς τοὺς νεωποίας SIG 963.34 (Arcesine, iv B. C.); πέρας ἐ. τῷ πράγματι PGiss. 25.7 (ii A. D.), etc.; ὅρον ἐ. τῷ πράγματι Mitteis Chr. 87.2 (ii A. D.). impose, inflict a penalty, σοὶ δέ, γέρον, θωὴν ἐπιθήσομεν Od. 2.192; δίκην, ζημίην, ἄποινα ἐ. τινί, Hdt. 1.120, 144, 9.120, etc.; θάνατον δίκην ἐ. τινί Pl. Lg. 838c; δίκην τὴν πρέπουσαν Id. Criti. 106b; ἔργων ἀντ' ἀδίκων χαλεπὴν ἐ. ἀμοιβήν Hes. Op. 334; τιμωρίαν ὑπέρ τινος D. 60.11 (cf. infr. B. IV): so of burdens, grievances, etc., θήσειν..ἐπ' ἄλγεα Τρωσί Il. 2.39; οἷσιν ἐπὶ Ζεὺς θῆκε κακὸν μόρον 6.357; [ἄτην] οἱ ἐπὶ φρεσὶθῆκε..Ἐρινύς Od. 15.234; ἀνάγκην ἐ. c. inf., X. Lac. 10.7; ...μὴ τυγχάνειν imposing as a penalty not to.., ib. 3.3 (v. infr. B. IV). dispatch a letter, ἐ. τι ἐς Αἴγυπτον, ἐς Μυτιλήνην, Hdt. 3.42, 5.95; . [ἐπιστολάς] D. 34.28. give a name, Hdt. 5.68, Pl. Smp. 205b, etc. contribute (capital) to a venture, ἐς πεῖραν Leg.Gort. 9.44. Med., with pf. Pass. ἐπιτέθειμαι Plu. 2.975d, also aor. Pass., Inscr.Prien. (v. infr.), etc.: put on oneself or for oneself, ἐπὶ στεφάνην κεφαλῆφιν..θήκατο placed a helmet on his head, Il. 10.30; κρατὶ δ' ἐπὶ..κυνέην θέτο 5.743, cf. E. Ba. 702 (tm.), etc.; χεῖρας ἐπ' ἀνδροφόνους θέμενος στήθεσσι laying one's hands upon.., Il. 18.317; κτύπημα χειρὸς κάρᾳ on one's head, E. Andr. 1210 (lyr.).

II put on or to, as a door, πύλας τοῖς ὠσὶν ἐπίθεσθε Pl. Smp. 218b; θύρας Orph. Fr. 245, al., etc. (v. supr. A. 11).

III

1. apply oneself to, employ oneself on or in, c. dat., ναυτιλίῃσι μακρῇσι Hdt. 1.1; τῇ πείρᾳ, τοῖς ἔργοις, Th. 7.42, X. Mem. 2.8.3, etc.; τοῖς πολιτικοῖς Pl. Grg. 527d: c. inf., attempt to.., φιλοσοφεῖν ἐπέθετο Alex. 36.3; γράφειν Isoc. 5.1, cf. Pl. Sph. 242b: Pass., ἐπετέθη πρὸς τὸν πόλεμον Inscr.Prien. 17.38 (iii B.C.).

2. make an attempt upon, attack, τῇ Εὐβοίῃ Hdt. 5.31; Ἐφεσίοισι Id. 1.26, cf. 102, 8.27; τῷ δήμῳ Th. 6.61; τῇ δημοκρατίᾳ X. Ath. 3.12; ἐ. τῇ τοῦ δήμου καταλύσει attempt it, Aeschin. 3.235; τυραννίδι Lycurg. 125; ἀρχῇ Plu. 2.772d; ἐ. ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις or τοῖς ἀτυχήμασί τινος take advantage of them, Isoc. 2.3, D. 23.70: abs., make an attack, κατ' ἀμφότερα Th. 7.42, cf. Arist. Pol. 1302b25.

3. abs., δικαιοσύνην ἐπιθέμενος ἤσκεε he practised justice with assiduity, Hdt. 1.96, cf. 6.60.

1. bring on oneself, ἐπέθου θύος δημοθρόους τ' ἀράς A. Ag. 1409.

2. cause a penalty to be imposed, θάνατον ζημίαν ἐπιθέσθαι Th. 2.24; φόβον τινί X. Cyr. 4.5.41. lay commands on, τί τινι Hdt. 1.111, cf. OGI 669.61 (Egypt, i A.D.): also c. inf., Hdt. 3.63, v.l. in Ath. 11.465d. give a name, τινί Od. 8.554 (tm.), cf. Arist. Po. 1451b10. contribute, πολλοὶ ἐπέθεντο τὰς ἐπιδόσεις εἰς τὴν παρασκευὴν τοῦ πολέμου prob. in SIG 346.29 (iv B. C.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπι -τίθημι ,

[in LXX for H5414, H7737, etc.;]

1. to lay, set or place upon: c. acc rei, seq. ἐπί , c. acc rei, Matthew 23:4, Luke 15:5, John 9:6 (WH, txt. John 9:15), Acts 15:10; Acts 28:3; ἐπί , c. gen. rei, Matthew 27:29; ἐν , ib.; c. dat. pers., σταυρόν , Luke 23:26; στέφανον , John 19:2; ὄνομα , Mark 3:16-17; πληγάς , Luke 10:30, Acts 16:23; ἐπί c. acc pers., Revelation 22:18; of the laying on of hands, τ . χεῖρα (-ας ), seq. ἐπί c. acc pers., Matthew 9:18, Mark 16:13, Acts 8:17; Acts 9:17; c. dat. pers., Matthew 19:13; Matthew 19:15, Mark 5:23; Mark 6:5; Mark 7:32; Mark 8:23, Luke 4:40; Luke 13:13, Acts 6:6; Acts 8:19; Acts 9:12; Acts 13:3; Acts 19:6; Acts 28:8, 1 Timothy 5:22. Mid.,

(a) to provide: Acts 28:10 (RV, put on board; cf. Field, Notes, 149);

(b) to throw oneself upon, attack: c. dat. pers., Acts 18:10.

2. to add to: Revelation 22:18 (v. supr., and cf. Swete, in l).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐπιτίθημι is construed with the acc. and dat., as in Acts 28:10, in BGU IV. 1208i. 4 (B.C. 27) ὃ ἐπιτέθ [εισα ]ι ̣ τοῖς παῤ αὐτοῦ [πιττάκ ]ιον, ib. 1139.7 (B.C. 5) Π ̣α ̣ρ ̣θ ̣ο ̣ς. . . α ̣ ̣τ ̣η ̣̑ ἐπέθηκεν Π ̣ρ ̣ι ̣μ ̣α (cf. Mark 3:16 ff.), P Ryl II. 81.9 (c. A.D. 104) τὴν γὰρ ὅλου τοῦ πράγματος ἐξουσίαν τοῖς κατασ [π ]ορεῦσι ἐπεθέμην, ";for I gave the inspectors of sowing the conduct of the whole matter"; (Edd.), and with the acc. alone in ib. 121.10 (ii/A.D.) τ ̣[ὰς ] σφραγεῖδας ἃς ἐπέθηκ [ε, ";the seals which he affixed"; (Edd.). In BGU IV. 1019.7 (mid. ii/A.D.) we have ὃς ἔδωκεν τὸν στρατηγὸν τοῦ νομοῦ εἰς τ [ ] πέρας ἐπιθεῖναι τ [ ] λογοθεσίᾳ. For the meaning ";persuade,"; ";enjoin,"; cf. P Oxy X. 1255.6 (A.D. 292) ἐπειθεμένου σου ἡμῖν, ib. 1265.11 (A.D. 336) ἐπέθετό μοι ἡ σὴ ἐμμέλε ̣[ια ἐγγρά ]φως δηλῶσαι, ";your grace enjoined me to state in writing"; (Edd.), and for the meaning ";attack,"; ";assault,"; as in Acts 18:10, cf. P Tebt I. 15.11 (B.C. 114) καὶ τὸν τούτου υἱὸν Μάρωνα ἐπιτεθεῖσθαι τῶι Πολέμωνι, ib. 53.10 (B.C. 110) ἐπιθέμενοι λῃστικῶι τρόπωι, and so BGU IV. 1061.14 (B.C. 14) : cf. P Flor III. 332.7 (ii/A.D.) ἀλλ᾽ ἐπιζητεῖ νῦν μετὰ καὶ ἄλλων γυμναστικῶν φίλων πῶς ἐπιθῆταί μοι ἀπόντος σου, and see s.v. ἐπίθεσις. With the use of the verb = ";add to"; in Revelation 22:18 as opposed to ἀφαιρέω, cf. προστίθημι in Cagnat IV. 1028b.20 ἐὰν δέ τις ] πρὸς ταύτας τὰς συνθήκας κοινῆ (ι) βουλῆ (ι) προσθεῖναι ἢ ἀφελεῖν βούλ [ω ]νται ὁ δῆμος καὶ ἡ βουλὴ κτλ.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επεθέμεθα επεθεντο επέθεντο ἐπέθεντο επέθεσθε επέθετο επεθηκαν επέθηκαν ἐπέθηκαν επέθηκας επέθηκε επέθηκέ επεθηκεν επέθηκεν έπεθηκεν ἐπέθηκεν ἐπέθηκέν επέθου επετίθεντο επετιθεσαν ἐπετίθεσαν επετίθετο επετίθουν ἐπέχρισεν επιθειναι επιθείναι ἐπιθεῖναι επιθεις επιθείς ἐπιθεὶς επιθέμενοι επιθεμένους επιθεντα επιθέντα ἐπιθέντα επιθεντες επιθέντες ἐπιθέντες επιθεντος επιθέντος ἐπιθέντος επιθες επίθες ἐπίθες επιθέσθαι επίθετε επιθέτωσαν επιθη επιθή ἐπιθῇ επιθηναι επιθης επιθής ἐπιθῇς επιθησει επιθήσει ἐπιθήσει επιθήσεις επιθησεται επιθήσεταί ἐπιθήσεταί επιθήσετε επιθήσονταί επιθησουσι επιθήσουσι επιθησουσιν επιθήσουσιν ἐπιθήσουσιν επιθήσω επίθηται επίθητε επιθω επιθώ επίθω ἐπιθῶ επιθώμεθα επιθώνται επιτεθή επιτιθεασιν επιτιθέασιν ἐπιτιθέασιν επιτιθει ἐπιτίθει επιτιθεις ἐπιτιθεὶς επιτιθέμενα επιτιθεσθαι επιτίθεσθαι ἐπιτίθεσθαι επιτίθεσθε επιτιθή επιτιθησιν επιτίθησιν ἐπιτίθησιν epechrisen epéchrisen epethekan epethēkan epéthekan epéthēkan epetheken epethēken epétheken epéthekén epéthēken epéthēkén epethento epéthento epetithesan epetíthesan epithe epithē epithêi epithē̂i epitheinai epitheînai epitheis epitheìs epithêis epithē̂is epithenta epithénta epithentes epithéntes epithentos epithéntos epithes epithēs epíthes epithesei epithēsei epithḗsei epithesetai epithēsetai epithḗsetaí epithesousin epithēsousin epithḗsousin epitho epithô epithō epithō̂ epititheasin epitithéasin epitithei epitíthei epititheis epititheìs epitithesin epitithēsin epitíthesin epitíthēsin epitithesthai epitíthesthai
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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