Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #622 - ἀπόλλυμι

Transliteration
apóllymi
Phonetics
ap-ol'-loo-mee
Origin
from (G575) and the base of (G3639)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
1:394,67
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to destroy
    1. to put out of the way entirely, abolish, put an end to ruin
    2. render useless
    3. to kill
    4. to declare that one must be put to death
    5. metaph. to devote or give over to eternal misery in hell
    6. to perish, to be lost, ruined, destroyed
  2. to destroy
    1. to lose
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 343 ‑ אֵיד (ade);  622 ‑ אָסַף (aw‑saf');  1104 ‑ בָּלַע (baw‑lah');  1478 ‑ גָּוַע (gaw‑vah');  1696 ‑ דָּבַר (daw‑bar');  1949 ‑ הוּם (hoom);  2026 ‑ הָרַג (haw‑rag');  2763 ‑ חָרַם (khaw‑ram');  3423 ‑ יָרֵשׁ (yaw‑rash', yaw‑raysh');  3582 ‑ כָּחַד (kaw‑khad');  3615 ‑ כָּלָה (kaw‑law');  3772 ‑ כָּרַת (kaw‑rath');  3782 ‑ כָּשַׁל (kaw‑shal');  3807 ‑ כָּתַת (kaw‑thath');  3947 ‑ לָקַח (law‑kakh');  4191 ‑ מוּת (mooth);  5034 ‑ נֵבֶל (naw‑bale');  5080 ‑ נָדַח (naw‑dakh');  5221 ‑ נָכָה (naw‑kaw');  5595 ‑ סָפָה (saw‑faw');  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  5678 ‑ עֶבְרָה (eb‑raw');  5737 ‑ עָדַר (aw‑dar');  5916 ‑ עָכַר (aw‑kar');  6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');  6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');  6555 ‑ פָּרַץ (paw‑rats');  6937 ‑ קָדַר (kaw‑dar');  7665 ‑ שָׁבַר (shaw‑bar');  7673 ‑ שָׁבַת (shaw‑bath');  7703 ‑ שָׁדַד (shaw‑dad');  7843 ‑ שָׁחַת (shaw‑khath');  7923 ‑ שִׁכֻּלִים (shik‑koo‑leem');  8045 ‑ שָׁמַד (shaw‑mad');  8074 ‑ שָׁמֵם (shaw‑mame');  8327 ‑ שָׁרַשׁ (shaw‑rash');  8552 ‑ תָּמַם (taw‑mam');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (100)
Matthew
20
Mark
11
Luke
30
John
15
Acts
1
Romans
3
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
2
2 John
1
Jude
2
NAS (95)
Matthew
21
Mark
10
Luke
28
John
10
Acts
2
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
2
2 John
1
Jude
2
Revelation
2
HCS (90)
Matthew
19
Mark
10
Luke
27
John
10
Acts
2
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
2
2 John
1
Jude
2
Revelation
1
BSB (90)
Matthew
19
Mark
10
Luke
27
John
10
Acts
2
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
2
2 John
1
Jude
2
Revelation
1
ESV (79)
Matthew
16
Mark
9
Luke
25
John
10
Acts
1
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
2
WEB (102)
Matthew
22
Mark
11
Luke
30
John
15
Acts
1
Romans
3
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
3
2 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
1
James
2
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
2
2 John
1
Jude
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀπόλλῡμι or ἀπολ-ύω

(Th. 4.25, Pl. R. 608e, Arist. Pol. 1297a12, but f.l. in Men. 580; the form is rejected by Phryn. PS p.10 B., Moer. 12), impf. ἀπώλλυν A. Pers. 652 (lyr.), S. El. 1360, ἀπώλλυον And. 1.58: fut. ἀπολέσω, ἀπολέσσω, Att. ἀπολῶ, Ion. ἀπολέω Hdt. 1.34, al.: aor. ἀπώλεσα, ἀπόλεσσα: pf. ἀπολώλεκα: — freq. in tmesi in; Pr postponed in Od. 9.534:

I

1. stronger form of ὄλλυμι, destroy utterly, kill, in Hom. mostly of death in battle, ἀπώλεσε λαὸν Ἀχαιῶν 11.5.758, al.; ἐκπάγλως ἀπόλεσσαν ib. 1.268; also of things, demolish, lay waste, ἀπώλεσεν Ἴλιον ἱρήν ib. 5.648, etc.; generally, βίοτον δ' ἀπὸ πάμπαν ὀλέσσει will waste my substance, Od. 2.49; οἵ μ' ἀπωλλύτην sought to destroy me (impf. sense), S. OT 1454; in pregnant sense, ἐπεί με γᾶς ἐκ πατρίας ἀπώλεσε drove me ruined from.., E. Hec. 946; τῆς παρ' ἡμέραν χάριτος τὰ μέγιστα τῆς πόλεως ἀ. for the sake of.., D. 8.70.

2. λόγοις or λέγων ἀ. τινά talk or bore one to death, S. El. 1360, Ar. Nu. 892 (lyr.): hence, alone, in fut. ἀπολεῖς με Id. Ach. 470; οἴμ' ὡς ἀπολεῖς με Pherecr. 108.20; ἀπολεῖ μ' οὑτοσί by his questions, Antiph. 222.8, etc.

3. ruin a woman, Lys. 1.8.

II lose, πατέρ' ἐσθλὸν ἀπώλεσα Od. 2.46, cf. Il. 18.82, Democr. 272; ἀπώλεσε νόστιμον ἦμαρ Od. 1.354; ἀπὸ θυμὸν ὀλέσσαι

I

1. lose one's life, 11.16.861, Od. 12.350; θυμὸν οὐκ ἀπώλεσεν loses not his spirit, S. El. 26; ἔλεον ἀπώλεσεν 11.24.44; freq. of things, ἡ τοῦ πλέονος ἐπιθυμίη τὸ παρεὸν ἀπόλλυσι Democr. 224; ἵππους ἑβδομήκοντα ἀπολλύασι Th. 7.51; ἀπώλεσαν τὴν ἀρχὴν ὑπὸ Περσῶν X. An. 3.4.11, cf. 7.2.22; μηδὲν ἀπολλὺς τοῦ ὄγκου Pl. Tht. 155c; ἀ. οὐσίαν, = ἀπόλλυσθαι, Id. Prm. 163d. Med., ἀπόλλῠμαι: fut. -ολοῦμαι, Ion. -ολέομαι Hdt. 7.218: aor. 2 -ωλόμην: pf. -όλωλα, whence the barbarous impf. ἀπόλωλο Ar. Th. 1212: plpf. in Att. Prose sts. written ἀπωλώλειν in codd., as Th. 4.133, 7.27: perish, die, 11.1.117, etc.; cease to exist, opp. γίγνεσθαι, Meliss. 8, Pl. Prm. 156b, etc.: sts. c. acc. cogn., ἀπόλωλε κακὸν μόρον Od. 1.166; ἀπωλόμεθ' αἰπὺν ὄλεθρον ib. 9.303: c. dat. modi, ἀπώλετο λυγρῷ ὀλέθρῳ (v.l. λυγρὸν ὄλεθρον) ib. 3.87; ἀ. ὑπό τινος Hdt. 5.126; simply, to be undone, αὐτῶν.. ἀπωλόμεθ' ἀφραδίῃσιν Od. 10.27; ἀπωλώλει τῷ φόβῳ μή.. X. Cyr. 6.1.2: freq. in Att., esp. in pf., ἀπόλωλας you are lost, Ar. Nu. 1077; ἀπωλόμεθ' ἂν εἰ μὴ ἀπολώλειμεν Plu. 2.185f; ἱκανὸν χρόνον ἀπολλύμεθα καὶ κατατετρίμμεθα Ar. Pax 355; βλέπειν ἀπολωλός Philostr.Jun. Im. 2: as an imprecation, κάκιστ' ἀπολοίμην εἰ.. Ar. Ach. 151, al.; κακὸς κακῶς ἀπόλοιθ' ὅστις.. Eub. 116; ἐξώλης ἀπόλοιθ' ὅστις.. Men. 154; ἀπολλύμενος, opp. σῳζόμενος, Isoc. 6.36, cf. Plu. 2.469d: freq. in part. fut., κάκιστ' ἀπολούμενε o destined to a miserable end! i.e. o thou villain, scoundrel, knave! Ar. Pl. 713, cf. 456, Ach. 865, Pax 2; ὁ κάκιστ' ἀνέμων ἀ. Luc. DDeor. 14.2.

2. in NT, perish, in theol. sense, John 3:16, al.; οἱ ἀπολλύμενοι, opp. οἱ σῳζόμενοι, 1 Corinthians 1:18.

II to be lost, ὕδωρ ἀπολέσκετ' (of the water eluding Tantalus) Od. 11.586; οὔποτε καρπὸς ἀπόλλυται never falls untimely, ib. 7.117; ἀπό τέ σφισιν ὕπνος ὄλωλεν Il. 10.186; γέλως ἐξ ἀνθρώπων ἀπόλωλεν X. Smp. 1.15; ἀπολόμενον ἀργύριον Antipho Soph. 54; ἀπώλοντο οἱ ὄνοι LXX 1 Samuel 9:3.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀπ -όλλυμι and ἀπολλύω ,

[in LXX for H6, etc. (38 words in all)].

1. Act.,

(1) to destroy utterly, destroy, kill: Mk 124, 922, al.; τ . ψνχήν , Matthew 10:28, al.;

(2) to lose utterly: Matthew 10:42, al.; metaph., of failing to save, John 6:39; John 18:9.

2. Mid.,

(1) to perish;

(a) of things: Matthew 5:29, John 6:12, Hebrews 1:11 (LXX, al.;

(b) of persons: Matthew 8:26, al. Metaph., of loss of eternal life, John 3:15-16; John 10:28; John 17:12, Romans 2:12, 1 Corinthians 8:11; 1 Corinthians 15:18, 2 Peter 3:9. In οἱ ἀπολλὺμενοι , the perishing, contrasted in 1 Corinthians 1:18, al., with οἱ σωζόμενοι , the "perfective" force of the verb, WH. " implies the completion of the process of destruction," is illustrated (v. M, Pr., 114 f.; M, Th., ii, 2:10);

(2) to be lost: Luke 15:4; Luke 21:18. Metaph., on the basis of the relation between shepherd and flock, of spiritual destitution and alienation from God: Matthew 10:6; Matthew 15:24, Luke 19:10 (MM, s.v.; DCG, i, 191 f., ii, 76, 554; Cremer, 451).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

One or two instances of the literal use of this common verb will suffice—P Petr III. 51.5 τὸ ἀργύριον δ ὤιοντο ἀπολωλέναι, ";the money which they thought had been lost,"; P Oxy IV. 743.23 (B.C. 2) ἐγὼ ὅλος διαπον [ο ]ῦμαι εἰ Ἕλενος χαλκοῦς ἀπόλε [σ ]εν, ";I am quite upset at Helenos’ loss of the money"; (Edd.). In P Fay 111.3 ff. (A.D. 95–6) we have it of destroying life : μένφομαί σαι μεγάλως ἀπολέσας χ [υ ]ρίδια δύω ἀπὸ τοῦ σκυλμοῦ τῆς ὡδοῦ, ";I blame you greatly for the loss of two pigs owing to the fatigue of the journey"; (Edd.). (Probably the writer meant ἀπολέσαντα, but the nom. will construe.) So in the dreams of Ptolemy, son of Glaucias, the helper of the Temple twins, P Par 50.9 (B.C. 160) Λέγω · Μηθαμῶς ἐργῇς (?) ἢ ἀπολέσῃ σου τὸν παῖδα · κύριος οὐκ ἀπολύει (= ἀπολλύει, presumably) τὸν αὑτοῦ παῖδα. Cf. P Petr III. 36 (a) verso .28 δεόμενος μή με ἀπολέσηι τῶι λιμῶι ἐν τῆι φυλακῆι : so Luke 15:17. In the curious nursery acrostic, P Tebt II. 278.35 f. belonging to early i/A.D. in which the story of the loss of a garment is told in lines beginning with the letters of the alphabet in order, we find :

λέων ὁ ἄρας

μωρὸς ἀπολέσας

";a lion he was who took it, a fool who lost it"; (Edd., who would read ὁ ἀ., as in the other lines). In P Ryl II. 141.21 (A.D. 37) καὶ ἀπώλεσα ἃς εἶχον ἀπὸ τιμ (ῆς) ὀπίου ";I lost 40 silver drachmae which I had with me from the sale of opium"; (Ed.), it connotes robbery; and so in Syll 237.7 (iii/B.C.) χρήματα τῶι θεῶι ἐμάνυσαν ἃ ἦσαν ἐκ τοῦ ἱεροῦ ἀπολωτα (l. ἀπολωλότα) ἀπὸ τοῦ ἀναθέματος τῶν Φωκέων, καὶ ἐξήλεγξαν τοὺς ἱεροσυληκότας. The –μι forms of the mid. are unchanged : thus P Petr II. 4 (1).4 (B.C. 255–4) νυνὶ δὲ ἀπολλύμεθα (quarrymen ";worked to death"; over exceedingly hard stone), P Tebt II. 278.25 (see above) ἀπόλλυ ̣τ ̣α ̣ι ̣, etc.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απολεί απολείς απολεισθε απολείσθε ἀπολεῖσθε απολειται απολείται ἀπολεῖται απολείτε απολεσαι απολέσαι ἀπολέσαι απολεσας απολέσας ἀπολέσας απολεσει απολέσει ἀπολέσει απολέσετε απολεση απολέση ἀπολέσῃ απολέσης απολεσητε απολέσητε ἀπολέσητε απολεσθαι απολέσθαι ἀπολέσθαι απολέσθωσαν απολεσω απολέσω ἀπολέσω απολέσωσί απολεσωσιν απολέσωσιν ἀπολέσωσιν απόλησθε αποληται απολήται απόληται ἀπόληται απολλυε απόλλυε ἀπόλλυε απολλυει απολλύει ἀπολλύει απολλύειν απολλυμαι απόλλυμαι ἀπόλλυμαι απολλυμεθα απολλύμεθα ἀπολλύμεθα απόλλυμεν απολλυμενην απολλυμένην ἀπολλυμένην απολλυμενοι απολλύμενοι ἀπολλύμενοι απολλυμενοις απολλυμένοις ἀπολλυμένοις απολλύμενον απολλύμενος απολλυμενου απολλυμένου ἀπολλυμένου απολλυμένω απολλυνται ἀπόλλυνται απολλύοντες απόλλυσι απολλυται ἀπόλλυται απολλύων απόλοιντο απόλοιο απόλοιτο απολόμενοι απολομενου απολομένου ἀπολομένου απολομένους απολουνται απολούνται ἀπολοῦνται απολούσι Απολω απολώ Ἀπολῶ απολώλαμεν απόλωλε απολώλεκας απολωλεκός απολωλεκότες απόλωλεν απολωλος απολωλός ἀπολωλός ἀπολωλὸς απολωλοτα απολωλότα ἀπολωλότα απολωλότας απολωλότων απολωλυιών απολωλως απολωλώς ἀπολωλὼς απολώμεθα απολωνται απόλωνται ἀπόλωνται απωλεσα απώλεσα ἀπώλεσα απώλεσαν απώλεσας απώλεσε απωλεσεν απώλεσεν ἀπώλεσεν απωλετο απώλετο ἀπώλετο απωλλυντο ἀπώλλυντο απωλόμην απωλοντο απώλοντο ἀπώλοντο απώλου apoleisthe apoleîsthe apoleitai apoleîtai apolesa apōlesa apṓlesa apolesai apolésai apolesas apolésas apolese apolesē apolesei apolései apolésēi apolesen apōlesen apṓlesen apolesete apolesēte apolésete apolésēte apoleso apolesō apoléso apolésō apolesosin apolesōsin apolésosin apolésōsin apolesthai apolésthai apoletai apolētai apóletai apólētai apoleto apōleto apṓleto apollue apolluei apollumai apollumenen apollumenēn apollumenoi apollumenois apollumenou apollumetha apolluntai apollunto apōllunto apollutai apollye apóllye apollyei apollýei apollymai apóllymai apollymenen apollymenēn apollyménen apollyménēn apollymenoi apollýmenoi apollymenois apollyménois apollymenou apollyménou apollymetha apollýmetha apollyntai apóllyntai apollynto apōllynto apṓllynto apollytai apóllytai Apolo Apolô Apolō Apolō̂ apololos apololós apololòs apololṑs apolōlos apolōlós apolōlòs apolōlōs apolōlṑs apololota apololóta apolōlota apolōlóta apolomenou apoloménou apolontai apolōntai apólontai apólōntai apolonto apōlonto apṓlonto apolountai apoloûntai
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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