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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #851 - ἀφαιρέω

Transliteration
aphairéō
Phonetics
af-ahee-reh'-o  
Word Origin
from (575) and (138)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to take from, take away, remove, carry off
  2. to cut off
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 369 ‑ אַיִן (ay'‑yin);  519 ‑ אָמָה (aw‑maw');  622 ‑ אָסַף (aw‑saf');  680 ‑ אָצַל ();  1219 ‑ בָּצַר (baw‑tsar');  1438 ‑ גָּדַע (gaw‑dah');  1497 ‑ גָּזַל (gaw‑zal');  1556 ‑ גָּלַל (gaw‑lal');  1639 ‑ גָּרַע (gaw‑rah');  1819 ‑ דָּמָה (daw‑maw');  1920 ‑ הָדַף (haw‑daf');  2498 ‑ חָלַף (khaw‑laf');  3381 ‑ יָרַד (yaw‑rad');  3722 ‑ כָּפַר (kaw‑far');  3772 ‑ כָּרַת (kaw‑rath');  3947 ‑ לָקַח (law‑kakh');  3988 ‑ מָאַס (maw‑as');  4229 ‑ מָחָה (maw‑khaw');  4513 ‑ מָנַע (maw‑nah');  5130 ‑ נוּף (noof);  5186 ‑ נָטָה (naw‑taw');  5337 ‑ נָצַל (naw‑tsal');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  5493 ‑ שׂוּר (soor, soor);  5545 ‑ סָלַח (saw‑lakh');  5595 ‑ סָפָה (saw‑faw');  5674 ‑ עָבַר (aw‑bar');  5710 ‑ עָדָה (aw‑daw');  6544 ‑ פָּרַע (paw‑rah');  6584 ‑ פָּשַׁט (paw‑shat');  6605 ‑ פָּתַח (paw‑thakh');  7311 ‑ רָמַם (room);  7368 ‑ רָחַק (raw‑khak');  7673 ‑ שָׁבַת (shaw‑bath');  7971 ‑ שָׁלַח (shaw‑lakh');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (10) NAS (10) HCS (10)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 4
Romans 1
Hebrews 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 4
Romans 1
Hebrews 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 4
Romans 1
Hebrews 1
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
V-2AAI-3S 3
V-2AAN 1
V-2AAS-3S 1
V-2AMS-1S 1
V-2FAI-3S 1
V-AAO-3S 2
V-FPI-3S 1
V-PAN 1
V-PMI-3S 1
V-2AAI-3S 3
V-2AAN 1
V-2AAS-3S 1
V-2AMS-1S 1
V-2FAI-3S 1
V-FPI-3S 1
V-PAN 1
V-PMI-3S 1
V-2AAI-3S 3
V-2AAN 1
V-2AMS-1S 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-FPI-3S 1
V-PAN 1
V-PAS-3S 1
V-PMI-3S 1
NA WH
V-2AAI-3S 3
V-2AAN 1
V-2AAS-3S 1
V-2AMS-1S 1
V-2FAI-3S 1
V-FPI-3S 1
V-PAN 1
V-PMI-3S 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀφαιρ-έω, Ion. ἀπαιρέω, fut. -ήσω: pf. ἀφῄρηκα, Ion. ἀπαραίρηκα: aor. ἀφεῖλον, later inf. ἀφέλαι GDI 4940.35 (Cret.); ἀφῄρησα Gal. 11.121:

I

1. take away from: Constr.: mostly ἀ. τί τινι, σῖτον μέν σφιν ἀφεῖλε took it from him, Od. 14.455, cf. A. Eu. 360 codd., etc. (but also, relieve one of a duty, X. Cyr. 7.1.44): less freq. ἀ. τί τινος Ar. Pax 560, X. Lac. 4.7; κῆρα χώρας A. Th. 777 (lyr.); ἔκ τινος Id. Eu. 444; also τινά τι prob. l. ib. 360, S. Ph. 933, v. infr. II. I, III: c. gen., take from, τιμῆς οὔτ' ἀφελὼν οὔτ' ἐπορεξάμενος Song of Solomon 5:2; μηδὲν ἀφαιρῶμεν τοῦ ἀδίκου (from the unjust man) ἀπὸ τῆς ἀδικίας Pl. R. 360e; τοῦ πλήθους diminish the number, X. Vect. 4.4: c. acc. only, ἀπελὼν τὰ ἄχθεα having taken them off, Hdt. 1.80; βασιλέων.. ὀργὰς ἀφῄρουν took away, E. Med. 455, cf. Ar. Pl. 22, Ra. 518.

2. set aside, κρέα SIG 1044.41 (Halic., iv B. C.). exclude, separate, τὸ Ἑλληνικὸν ὡς ἓν ἀπὸ πάντων ἀφαιροῦντες χωρίς Pl. Plt. 262d; opp. προστιθέναι, Id. Phd. 95e, etc.

3. Math., ἀ. ἀπὸ.. subtract from, Euc. Ax. 3 (Pass.), etc.; of ratios, divide out from both sides of an equation, Apollon. Perg. 1.41 (Pass.); intercept, in Pass., Procl. Hyp. 2.27.

4. in Logic, abstract, c. acc., Arist. APo. 74a37, al.: abs., Id. Metaph. 1030a33.

II Med., fut. ἀφαιρήσομαι (in pass. sense, v.l. for ἀπαιρε-θήσεσθαι, Hdt. 5.35, cf. Antipho Fr. 57), later ἀφελοῦμαι Timostr. 5, Plb. 3.29.7: aor. ἀφειλόμην, later ἀφειλάμην Ph. 2.586, D.C. 41.63, cf. Phryn. 116: pf. ἀφῄρημαι (in med. sense) X. Cyr. 7.5.79 (spelt ἀφείρ- Sammelb. 4309 (iii B. C.)):

1. from Hom. downwds. more freq. than Act., take away for oneself; also in reciprocal sense, ἀφαιρεῖσθον τύχην ye have received each the fortune of the other, E. El. 928: Constr. like Act., ἀφαιρεῖσθαί τί τινι, as καὶ δή μοι γέρας.. ἀφαιρήσεσθαι ἀπειλεῖς Il. 1.161; τί τινος 5.673, 691, 9.335, Th. 3.58, Lys. 24.13, etc. (also τεύχεα.. ὤμοιϊν ἀφελέσθαι Il. 13.510); τι πρός τινος E. Tr. 1034; τι ἀπό τινος Ar. V. 883; ἔκ τινος X. Cyn. 12.9: c. dupl. acc. rei et pers., bereave or deprive of, μήτε σὺ τόνδ'.. ἀποαίρεο κούρην Il. 1.275, cf. Hdt. 1.71, 7.104; freq. in Att. and Trag., Lys. l. c., Th. 8.74, D. 20.46, etc.; τέκνα ἀ. τινά E. Andr. 613, cf. Ar. Ach. 464: rarely c. acc. pers. et gen. rei, ἀ. τὰς κύνας τοῦ εὑρεῖν X. Cyn. 6.4; τῆς ἀρχῆς τινά Plu. Ant. 60; τὴν Ἀμαζόνα τοῦ ζωστῆρος Paus. 5.10.9.

2. c. acc. rei, ἀ. ψήφισμα cancel or rescind, And. 2.24; ἀφελομένης τῆς νυκτὸς τὸ ἔργον having broken off the action, Th. 4.134; ἕως κελαινῆς νυκτὸς ὄμμ' ἀφείλετο A. Pers. 428: abs., μέχρι σκότος ἀφείλετο (sc. τὴν δίωξιν) X. HG 1.2.16; ἀ. τὴν μνήμην πολλῶν ἀγαθῶν D. 22.13.

3. folld. by μή c. inf., prevent, hinder from doing, τί μ' ἄνδρα.. ἀφείλου μὴ κτανεῖν; S. Ph. 1303, cf. E. Tr. 1146; κἄκτεινας, ἤ τις συμφορά σ' ἀφείλετο [μὴ κτεῖναι ]; Id. Andr. 913; c. inf. Pass., τὸν τὰ ὕστερον ἀφείλετο ἀδικήματα εὐεργέτην μὴ ὀνομασθῆναι Paus. 8.52.2; c. inf. only, Pi. I. 1.62: simply, obstruct, ἀρχήν Pl. Lg. 958c.

4. ἀ. τινὰ εἰς ἐλευθερίαν, Lat. vindicare in libertatem, claim as free, Pl. Lg. 914e, Isoc. 12.97, D. 58.19, cf. Lys. 23.10, Aeschin. 1.62.

III Pass., fut. -αιρεθήσομαι E. Hel. 938; -ήσομαι Antipho Fr. 57: pf. ἀφῄρημαι, Ion. ἀπαραίρημαι Hdt. 7.159, etc.: 1. to be robbed or deprived of a thing, τι A. Ch. 962 (lyr.), Hdt. 3.137, etc.; τι πρός or ὑπό τινος, Id. 1.70, 3.65, 7.159; ἀφῃρέθην τὰ ἐνέχυρα ὑπό τινος D. 47.41; ἐκ χερῶν ἀφῃρέθην had them taken out of my hands, E. Tr. 486: c. inf., ἀφῃρέθη Σκίρωνος ἀκτὰς ὄμμα τοὐμὸν εἰσορᾶν was deprived of, hindered from seeing them, Id. Hipp. 1207: less freq. μηδὲν τοῦ ἐμοῦ ὄγκου ἀφαιρεθέντος ἀλλὰ σοῦ αὐξηθέντος Pl. Tht. 155b.

2. ὁ ἀφαιρεθείς, in Law, the person from whom a slave has been claimed, Id. Lg. 915a.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀφαιρέω, ἀφαίρω; future ἀφαιρήσω (Revelation 22:19 Rec. (from Erasmus, apparently on no Ms. authority; see Tdf.'s note)), and ἀφελῶ (ibid. G L T Tr WH; on this rarer future cf. Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. ii., p. 100); 2 aorist ἀφεῖλον; 1 future passive ἀφαιρεθήσομαι; middle, present ἀφαιροῦμαι; 2 aorist ἀφειλομην; (see αἱρέω); in Greek writings from Homer down; to take from, take away, remove, carry off: τί, Luke 1:25; to cut off, τό ὠτίον, Matthew 26:51; Mark 14:47 (L T Tr WH τό ὠτάριον); Luke 22:50 (τό οὖς) (τήν κεφαλήν τίνος, 1 Macc. 7:47; for כָּרַת, 1 Samuel 17:51); to take away, τί ἀπό with the genitive of a thing, Revelation 22:19; τί ἀπό with the genitive of person Luke 10:42 (T WH omit; L Tr brackets ἀπό) (Genesis 31:31; Job 36:7; Proverbs 4:16 (Alex.), etc.); middle (properly, to take away or bear off for oneself), Luke 16:3 (Leviticus 4:10; Micah 2:8; in Greek writings with a simple genitive for ἀπό τίνος); ἀφαιρεῖν τάς ἁμαρτίας to take away siins, of victims expiating them, Hebrews 10:4 (Jeremiah 11:15; Sir. 47:11); middle of God putting out of his sight, remembering no more, the sins committed by men, i. e., granting pardon for sins (see ἁμαρτία, 2 a.): Romans 11:27.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀφ -αιρέω , - ,

[in LXX (Cremer, 615 f.) for H5493, H5674, H7311, H3772, etc. (35 words in all);]

to take from, take away, take off: c. acc, τὸ ὠτίον , Matthew 26:51, Mark 14:47 (ὠτάριον , WH), Luke 22:50 (οὖς ); ὄνειδος , Luke 1:25; seq. ἀπό , Revelation 22:19, Luke 16:3 (mid.); pass., C. gen., Luke 10:42; . ἁμαρτίος , Hebrews 10:4, Romans 11:27 (mid.) (MM, s.v.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This very common verb is found with the simple gen. in P Hib I. 63.16 (c. B.C. 265) τούτων ἄφελε , ";deduct from this"; : cf. Revelation 22:19 with ἀπό added. Passim in the same sense in P Lond 265 (= II. p. 257), a mathematical papyrus of i/A.D. For the more general sense of ";carry off,"; ";take away,"; cf. P Petr III. 53 (j).15 ὥστε ἀφελέσθαι ἡμῶν βία [ι τὸ κτῆμα ], P Magd 6.6 (B.C. 221) ἀφείλοντο (a garment), ib. 42.5 (B.C. 221) τό τε περιτραχηλίδιον ἐκ καθορμίων λιθινῶν ἀφε ̣ίλετό μ ̣[οι ], and so in P Lond 41.13 and .15 (B.C. 161) (= I. p. 28), one of the papyri dealing with the grievances of the Serapeum Twins—ἀφελῖν α [ ]τῶν τοὺς ἄρτους and ἀφίλεσαν τοὺς αὐτῶν δι ́δύμων ἄρτους . It has an extreme meaning in IosPE i. 22.31, ὑπὸ τοῦ βασκάνου δαίμονος ἀφῃρέθη , by death. In BGU I. 74.8 (ii/A.D.) καὶ γὰρ ἂν ἄλογον εἴη ὁπόσων μὲν υ [ ] ἀφερετείητε , we are apparently to understand ἀφαιρεθείητε ";you might be robbed."; It may be noted that the middle could be used for the meaning ";rob,"; as BGU III. 759.15 (A.D. 125) ἀφελ [ ]μενοί μοι χιτῶνα , etc. We need only add the occurrence of the word in the vi/A.D. Christian amulet edited by Wilcken in Archiv i. p. 431 ff. (cf. Selections, p. 132 ff.) where the prayer occurs, 12 πᾶσαν δὲ νόσον καὶ πᾶσαν μαλακίαν ἄφελε ἀπ᾽ ἐμον , ὅπως ὑγιανῶ , ";take away from me all manner of disease and all manner of sickness that I may be in health.";

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αφαιρεθησεται αφαιρεθήσεται ἀφαιρεθήσεται αφαιρεθήση αφαιρειν αφαιρείν ἀφαιρεῖν αφαιρειται αφαιρείται αφαίρειταί ἀφαιρεῖται αφαιρήτε αφαιρουμένω αφαιρούνται αφαιρούσι αφαιρών αφείηλαντο αφείλαντο αφείλατο αφείλατό αφείλε αφειλεν αφείλεν ἀφεῖλεν αφείλες αφείλετο αφείλον αφείλοντο αφείλου άφελε αφελει αφελεί ἀφελεῖ αφελειν αφελείν ἀφελεῖν αφελείς αφελείτε αφελέσθαι αφέλεσθε αφέλετε αφελέτω αφελη αφέλη ἀφέλῃ αφελής αφέλης αφέλητε αφέλοι αφελού αφελούμαι αφελούνται αφελούσι αφελούσιν αφελώ αφελωμαι αφέλωμαι ἀφέλωμαι αφέλωνταί αφέλωσιν αφ'ήλατο αφηρέθη αφηρημένα αφηρημένοι αφηρημένος αφήρηται aphairein aphaireîn aphaireitai aphaireîtai aphairethesetai aphairethēsetai aphairethḗsetai apheilen apheîlen aphele aphelē aphelei apheleî aphélei aphélēi aphelein apheleîn aphelomai aphelōmai aphélomai aphélōmai
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